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Oral history interview with Shoshana Kalfus

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.308 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0308

Shoshana Kalfus, born in 1925 in Presov, Slovakia, describes being the second of five children; her father’s furniture store; the traditional non-Zionist beliefs of her family; not experiencing antisemitism until 1941 when all Jews were forced to wear yellow stars and to turn their businesses over to Slovakians; the Jews who were not Slovakian, including her uncle and his family, being sent to Ukraine and killed; the expulsion of Jewish children from schools and the start of deportations in 1942; most children going to Auschwitz and being killed; how she was sick and was allowed to stay in Presov for a month until the Nazis took her to the Deblin-Irena ghetto, near Lublin, Poland; being paid to do agricultural work clearing air fields and being well-treated by the Germans; her father’s death in the ghetto and the disappearance of her mother and brothers; the daily routine in the camp and the available medical treatment; romance in the camp; being taken to Czestochowa, to an ammunition factory; being liberated by the Russians; returning to Czechoslovakia with the help of the Joint Distribution Committee; living for a year with a cousin; joining an Aliya group and moving to Palestine; and joining an uncle in Tel Aviv, Israel; and getting married and having two children.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Shoshana Kalfus
interview:  1996 November 14
3 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:45:53
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