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Oral history interview with Shraga Pode

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.320 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0320

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Shraga Pode, born in 1924 in Łódź, Poland, discusses being the second of four children; one of his sisters dying in 1934; attending public school; his father's death; participating in Hashomer Hatzair; working at the family store in Kolumna; attending Hashomer camps; German invasion; random forced labor; ghettoization; his grandfather's death days later; joining a hachshara with his older brother in Marysin; starving people from the ghetto taking their crops; returning to the ghetto in January 1941; clandestine Hashomer meetings; being assigned to work in a public kitchen enabling him to give his rations to his mother and siblings; reassignment to a nursing home until spring 1942, then to a factory kitchen; his mother's deportation; remaining with his brother and sister; hiding Zionist youth groups members who had been listed for deportation; arrest by Jewish police in summer 1944; his brother arranging his release; working in a factory kitchen; a speech by Ḥayim Rumkowski, Jewish head of the ghetto, in his workplace; round-up with his siblings; escaping; hiding for a month with a friend in the evacuated ghetto; sneaking into the group clearing the remains of the ghetto; interrogation and beating by Kommandant Hans Biebow; being assigned to clean septic tanks, then clearing the former ghetto; escaping with five others during the Soviet bombardment in January 1945; liberation by Soviet troops; election as the Zionist representative to the Jewish Council; and organizing a Hashomer congress in 1946. (He shows photographs and documents.)

Interviewee
Shraga Pode
Date
1997 January 09  (interview)
Language
Hebrew
Extent
8 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-07-11 15:49:17
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn503226