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Oral history interview with Miriam Chervenka

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.323 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0323

Miriam Hartz Chervenka, born in 1924 in Pohorelice, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic), describes growing up in a family with a younger sister; her mother’s death in 1938; her family’s and community’s support of Zionism; her father’s occupation as a grains merchant; joining the youth movement; going to school for a time in Brno, Czech Republic; her family moving to Luhacovice, Czech Republic after the Munich Agreement; anti-Jewish laws; going to a learning farm in Dušníky, Czech Republic in 1940 in preparation for her immigration to Palestine; going to Prague, Czech Republic for four months; going to the training farm in Pohorelice; her father’s detainment and death in Mauthausen in 1941; her and her sister’s transport to Theresienstadt; being “adopted” by the members of the Judenrat; an average day in the life of the ghetto; romance in the camp and meeting her future husband; her cousin and her cousin’s parents arriving in the ghetto; the emotional problems of not having a marked burial place for close relatives; evacuations in the camp; getting married in the camp; getting pregnant and having to undergo an abortion; having a tonsillectomy in the ghetto; working in an ammunition factory and in a field; trading for condoms; sports in the ghetto; her journals; hiding during the evacuations; remaining at the camp until its liberation; the Red Cross arriving and not being allowed to leave; sneaking out with her sister with the help of a Russian soldier; going to Prague and reuniting with her husband; immigrating to Israel in December 1948; and the relations between Holocaust survivors and Israelis.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Miriam Chervenka
interview:  1997 January 23
5 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:45:54
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