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Oral history interview with Eldar Berko

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.326 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0326

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Eldar Berko, born in September 1924 in Humenne, Czechoslovakia (Slovakia), discusses his older brother and two sisters; his nonreligious family; his father’s trucking business, which he worked for when he turned 17; joining the Betar group; songs from Hlinka Gvarda; how he did not know what was going on and how Jews were being treated; being taken to what he believed was a work camp but discovering that it was Auschwitz-Birkenau in 1942; the population of Auschwitz; the Russian POWs; how he and a friend stole food from a Kapo and were punished; the Block Alteste, who was a sadist; his experiences as a Sonderkommando; building the crematoria; one of his friends being hanged for attempting an escape; having an affair with a girl in town, where he went to get supplies; the gypsy camp; being marched out of the camp in January 1945; being taken by train to Gross Rosen; being taken by train to Schongau, Germany, where the Germans left them; the arrival of American troops; returning to Czechoslovakia in July 1945 after his liberation; beginning school to train to be an electrical technician; meeting his wife in 1947; enlisting in the Israeli Military (IDF) in 1948 in Czechoslovakia and then going to Israel; serving two years in the Israeli Army; and then moving to Ramat Tzvi, where he was an electrician.

Interviewee
Eldar Berko
Date
1997 December 18  (interview)
Language
Hebrew
Extent
8 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-03-14 09:15:54
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn503244