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Oral history interview with Marcel Blum

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.338 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0338

Marcel Blum, born in Iași, Romania on May 5, 1924, describes his lower-middle class family; learning to read and write Hebrew and Yiddish; attending a technical school; working in maintenance at a large manor when he was 11 years old; a fascist regime coming to power in 1940; the anti-Jewish restrictions; the Romanian Army inciting a mass pogrom in his town in 1941; being marched and taken by wagon with his father; traveling by day and stopping at night for several days; receiving help from family in Bucharest, Romania; being put into a forced labor camp at a quarry; being selected as a communist rebel and placed against a wall to be shot and being saved by a man who bribed the camp’s officer; being released in September 1941; wearing the yellow star; returning to school and learning that 25 of the teachers had been killed; being sent in 1942 with his father and their male neighbors to a work camp; losing a finger in the camp; the work camp’s daily routine and the conditions; being released to Iași when the Soviets arrived; escaping another work detail but being captured and sentenced to 25 years in prison for desertion; the Soviets giving him amnesty for his crimes; his career as a doctor and publishing articles; his first wife and his daughter; immigrating to Israel in 1989; how false information led to the mass killing of the Jews in Romania; and Holocaust deniers and revisionists in Romania.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Marcel Blum
interview:  1998 March 04
4 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:29:20
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