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Oral history interview with Rivka Peleg

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.342 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0342

Rivka Peleg, born in 1923 in Kaunas, Lithuania, discusses being the oldest of four children; her father's role in the community as a rabbi; her mother managing their large business; graduating from a Jewish-Lithuanian school; Soviet occupation in 1940; confiscation of the family business; participating in Betar; marriage in 1941; German invasion; round-up of her husband and his father (she never saw them again); returning to her parents' home; round-up of her father (he did not return); one brother's arrest; his release due to the influence of a cousin who was on the Judenrat; the same brother's round-up from which he did not return; ghettoization; slave labor at an airport; she and her sister smuggling food with help from non-Jewish friends with whom they often hid; reassignment to labor at a brush factory; hiding with her siblings during round-ups; learning her other brother had been killed; betrayal when trying to obtain false papers; torture and imprisonment with her sister for six months; release due to their cousin's influence; hiding in a bunker with her sister, mother, and others during the ghetto liquidation; escaping with her sister with help from guards; hiding in a forest in Seirijai; liberation by Soviet troops; returning to university in Kaunas; marriage; immigration to Israel; the permanent psychological scars due to her experiences; and the hurt inflicted upon her by today's youth having no interest in learning about the Holocaust.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Rivka Peleg
interview:  1998 April 01
2 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:45:57
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