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Oral history interview with Ruchama Pinkof

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.352 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0352

Ruchama Pinkof, born in 1922 in Amsterdam, Netherlands, discusses being the youngest of three children; her mother's death when she was two; attending Jewish, then public school; her father's remarriage; a troubled relationship with her stepmother; participating in Hechalutz; attending a boarding school in 1937; visiting her family on holidays; living briefly with her paternal grandparents; German invasion; her brothers' participation in the underground; one brother wanting to put her in hiding, and her refusal to leave her younger half-siblings; deportation to Westerbork; a close relationship with her cousin; forced agricultural labor; caring for a group of children; hospitalization for polio; her grandparents' arrival; her grandfather's death; transfer to Bergen-Belsen with her grandmother, half-sister, aunt, and father; her older brother's arrival; her aunt and grandmother's release for immigration to Palestine; caring for her half-sister when she was ill; liberation by British troops; hospitalization; transfer to Celle; returning to Amsterdam; transfer to a hospital in Eindhoven where her uncle was a physician; learning one of her older brothers and her father had been killed; transfer to the Jewish hospital in Amsterdam, then by the Red Cross to a sanitarium in Davos; remaining for over two years supported by the Joint; her other older brother's immigration to Palestine; meeting her future husband and immigrating to Israel; her firm belief that she would survive the concentration camps; and her continuing health problems resulting from her experiences. (She shows photographs.)

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Ruchama Pinkof
interview:  1998 July 26
14 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:45:59
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