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Oral history interview with Myer Adler

Oral History | Accession Number: 1997.A.0441.28 | RG Number: RG-50.462.0028

Myer Adler, born September 2, 1914 in Rudnik, Austria (Rudnik nad Sanem, Poland), describes his pre-war life; attending several yeshivot in nearby small towns and developing his artistic talent along with religious studies; becoming less religiously observant; working in 1938 as a bookkeeper in Krakow, Poland after graduation from a private business school; the German invasion on September 1, 1939 and returning to Rudnik with his mother; witnessing organized and individual brutality by German soldiers and Polish civilians against Jews; being forced with other Jews across the San River to Ulanow (Ulaniv, Ukraine); the formation of a Jewish militia to protect Jews from local Poles; local Jews helping the refugees; spending the next six years in Russia and his experiences in great detail; living in Grodek (Horodok, Ukraine) until the summer of 1940; hiding in the woods with other young men to avoid being sent to the coal mines; giving himself up and being deported to Siberia with his family and others who refused Russian citizenship; living in Sinuga and Bodaybo (Siberian villages) until 1944, when he was shipped to the territory of Engelstown to work in a government owned farm; his coping skills in various jobs: laborer, stevedore and farm worker; living conditions, the black market, relations with Russian bureaucrats, the behavior of Russian exiles towards Jews, and the attempts to practice the Jewish religion; getting married in September 1945; being repatriated to Poland; going to Kraków in April 1946 with his wife; the continued antisemitism and violence by local Poles; receiving help from the Joint Distribution Committee (JDC); going illegally through Czechoslovakia in August 1946 with his pregnant wife to a transit camp in Vienna, Austria; being helped by the Haganah; going to Germany; life in the displaced persons camp in Ulm, Germany, where he stayed for three years; the Bleidorn a displaced persons camp for children, also in Ulm, where he located his niece and two nephews; immigrating with his wife and two sons to the United States in 1949; his life in the US; and several instances of help from Jews during his early years in Philadelphia, PA.

Interviewee
Mayer Adler
Date
1982 November 10  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
4 sound cassettes (60 min.).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, gift of the Holocaust Oral History Archive of Gratz College
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:47:43
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn508648