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Oral history interview with Marian Turzanski

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1997.A.0441.73 | RG Number: RG-50.462.0073

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    Oral history interview with Marian Turzanski


    Interview Summary
    Marian Turzanski, born January 18, 1934 in Zupanie, Poland, describes being one of four sons in a family of Catholic land owners; his family’s good relations with the few Jews in his village, one of whom once hid in the Turzanski home; the German invasion; how the hostile Ukrainians threatened to kill Marian’s father and a friendly Ukrainian intervened, urging the family to flee; going to Hungary, where they moved frequently and settled in Keszthely; attending a school for Polish children; how his parents left their baptismal papers in Poland, to be used by Samuel Goldreich, the Jew they once sheltered; life in Hungary after the German occupation, including the terrorization by the Arrow Cross and German soldiers, the ghettoization of Jews and Poles, and the deportation of Jews and gypsies; his father’s activity in the underground, together with Hungarian Jews and other Christians; how he and his brothers became messengers; the family’s deportation to Germany in sealed cattle cars in December 31, 1944 to Wilhelmshaven work camp near Berlin; the contrasts in conditions there with conditions at other camps, including Strassof, Bayreuth, and Neumarkt; the brutal treatment by Ukrainians at Neumarkt; being liberated by Americans in 1945 and living in displaced persons camps at Neumarkt, Hochenfels, Annsbach and Wildflecken; being in the former German barracks at Heilbronn, Ludvigsburg, and Bremerhafen; and going to the United States August 1949.
    Marian Turzanski
    interview:  1983 December 28
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive

    Physical Details

    5 sound cassettes (60 min.).

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Turzanski, Marian, 1934-

    Administrative Notes

    The Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive conducted the interview with Marian Turzanski in Philadelphia, Pa., on December 28, 1983. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the tapes of the interview from Gratz College on September 30, 1999.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:36:21
    This page:

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