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Oral history interview with Marian Turzanski

Oral History | Accession Number: 1997.A.0441.73 | RG Number: RG-50.462.0073

Marian Turzanski, born January 18, 1934 in Zupanie, Poland, describes being one of four sons in a family of Catholic land owners; his family’s good relations with the few Jews in his village, one of whom once hid in the Turzanski home; the German invasion; how the hostile Ukrainians threatened to kill Marian’s father and a friendly Ukrainian intervened, urging the family to flee; going to Hungary, where they moved frequently and settled in Keszthely; attending a school for Polish children; how his parents left their baptismal papers in Poland, to be used by Samuel Goldreich, the Jew they once sheltered; life in Hungary after the German occupation, including the terrorization by the Arrow Cross and German soldiers, the ghettoization of Jews and Poles, and the deportation of Jews and gypsies; his father’s activity in the underground, together with Hungarian Jews and other Christians; how he and his brothers became messengers; the family’s deportation to Germany in sealed cattle cars in December 31, 1944 to Wilhelmshaven work camp near Berlin; the contrasts in conditions there with conditions at other camps, including Strassof, Bayreuth, and Neumarkt; the brutal treatment by Ukrainians at Neumarkt; being liberated by Americans in 1945 and living in displaced persons camps at Neumarkt, Hochenfels, Annsbach and Wildflecken; being in the former German barracks at Heilbronn, Ludvigsburg, and Bremerhafen; and going to the United States August 1949.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Marian Turzanski
interview:  1983 December 28
5 sound cassettes (60 min.).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:33:09
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