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Oral history interview with Ida Rudley

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1997.A.0441.97 | RG Number: RG-50.462.0097

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    Oral history interview with Ida Rudley


    Interview Summary
    Ida Rudley, born April 22, 1922 in Vienna, Austria, describes growing up in a middle class family; encountering antisemitism even before Hitler annexed Austria; her life changing after the Anschluss in 1938 as anti-Jewish measures took effect; how it was almost impossible for Jews to leave Austria; receiving help from several non-Jews, including an encounter with a German officer who took an interest in her while she and her mother were trying to escape from Austria; being smuggled across the border to Yugoslavia in 1941 and living in Zagreb (now in Croatia) illegally, always on the run, sheltered by both Jews and non-Jews; being warned that the Gestapo was looking for them; turning themselves in to the Gestapo, armed with enough pills to commit suicide, and managing to talk their way out of detention; using forged papers and accompanying a group of German-Jewish orphans bound for Palestine to the Italian part of Yugoslavia; living briefly in Ljubljana, Slovenia; being sent to a concentration camp in Ferramonti, Italy; the other prisoners, including Greek, Italian, and Yugoslavian Partisans as well as Jews; how the Italians ran the camp in a very humane fashion and even told Jews where to hide from the retreating German troops; getting married by a rabbi in the concentration camp and having a civil ceremony later, after liberation by the Jewish Brigade of the British Army in 1943; staying briefly in a transit camp in Cinecitta, run by UNRRA (United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration); and going with her husband and her mother to the United States on a military ship in 1947.
    Ida Rudley
    interview:  1984 April 05
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive

    Physical Details

    2 sound cassettes (60 min.).

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Rudley, Ida, 1922-

    Administrative Notes

    The Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive conducted the interview with Ida Rudley in Philadelphia, Pa., on April 5, 1984. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the tapes of the interview from Gratz College on October 17, 2000.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:36:30
    This page:

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