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Oral history interview with Malvina Lebovic

Oral History | Accession Number: 1997.A.0441.90 | RG Number: RG-50.462.0090

Malvina Lebovic, born in 1920 in Kal'nyk, near Munkac, Czechoslovakia (now Mukacheve, Ukraine); being the oldest of nine children; her father, who was a butcher; how her family was very poor and life was difficult; her father organizing a school for Jewish children because of antisemitism in the local school; how in 1934 her family moved to Karlovy (Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic) hoping for a better life; moving back to Kalni in 1938 after the Anschluss in Austria; the occupation of the Hungarians soon after they moved back; the persecution of Jews; her father and brother being taken to labor camps; how Jews were frequently beaten and food was scarce; the German occupation and the deportation of Jews to Auschwitz in cattle cars; conditions during the journey and arriving at Auschwitz; her mother and younger brother being immediately taken to the gas chambers; living with her two sisters in a barrack then transferred later first to Stutthof and then to Baumgard for hard labor; living in tents and sleeping on straw; contracting typhus along with her two sisters shortly before liberation by the Russians in March 1945; returning to Kalni; getting married and eventually making their way to Israel; and going to the United States after her daughter contracted polio.

Interviewee
Malvina Lebovic
Date
1981 December 09  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
2 sound cassettes (60 min.).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, gift of the Holocaust Oral History Archive of Gratz College
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:58:20
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn508731