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Oral history interview with Malvina Lebovic

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1997.A.0441.90 | RG Number: RG-50.462.0090

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    Oral history interview with Malvina Lebovic


    Interview Summary
    Malvina Lebovic, born in 1920 in Kal'nyk, near Munkac, Czechoslovakia (now Mukacheve, Ukraine); being the oldest of nine children; her father, who was a butcher; how her family was very poor and life was difficult; her father organizing a school for Jewish children because of antisemitism in the local school; how in 1934 her family moved to Karlovy (Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic) hoping for a better life; moving back to Kalni in 1938 after the Anschluss in Austria; the occupation of the Hungarians soon after they moved back; the persecution of Jews; her father and brother being taken to labor camps; how Jews were frequently beaten and food was scarce; the German occupation and the deportation of Jews to Auschwitz in cattle cars; conditions during the journey and arriving at Auschwitz; her mother and younger brother being immediately taken to the gas chambers; living with her two sisters in a barrack then transferred later first to Stutthof and then to Baumgard for hard labor; living in tents and sleeping on straw; contracting typhus along with her two sisters shortly before liberation by the Russians in March 1945; returning to Kalni; getting married and eventually making their way to Israel; and going to the United States after her daughter contracted polio.
    Malvina Lebovic
    interview:  1981 December 09
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive

    Physical Details

    2 sound cassettes (60 min.).

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Lebovic, Malvina, 1920-

    Administrative Notes

    The Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive conducted the interview with Malvina Lebovic in Philadelphia, Pa., on December 9, 1981. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the tapes of the interview from Gratz College on October 17, 2000.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:36:27
    This page:

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