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Oral history interview with Gabriela Truly

Oral History | Accession Number: 1997.A.0441.50 | RG Number: RG-50.462.0050

Gabriella Braun Truly, born January 7, 1916 in Levoča, Czechoslovakia (Slovakia), describes her family history in Levoča; her five siblings and being active in Zionist groups; the restrictions placed on Jews in 1939; her father’s tinsmithing shop, which was taken over by the government in 1940; being rounded up 1942 with 1000 single girls aged 14-40 from surrounding areas; being sent in the first transport to Auschwitz; the dehumanizing intake process and the difficult life in the camps; the deaths of her sister and young nephew; self-preservation and caring only for yourself; the incidents when she aided others and others aided her; being moved to Birkenau in 1942 and suffering from typhus, diarrhea, and a badly infected foot; being hospitalized in Auschwitz in February 1943; the various jobs and their level of difficulty; being aided by a hairdresser named Monsi in getting a job, first knitting for commandant Hoess then filing in the personnel building; being told permits to go to Israel had mysteriously come to Auschwitz, but nothing happened; being taken January 18, 1944 on a three day death march and then near Ravensbrück, where she saw her mother for the last time; being taken to Malchow, where she later met up with the younger sister of her sister-in-law; going to Crivitz, Germany and witnessing Russian soldiers sexually assault women; the survival of some of her immediate family; going to Prague, Czech Republic, where in 1948 she left for New York, NY to live with one of her brothers; getting married to an American-born Jew; and remaining in New York.

Interviewee
Gabriela Truly
Date
1990 May 27  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
2 sound cassettes (60 min.).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, gift of the Holocaust Oral History Archive of Gratz College
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:51:46
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn508670