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Oral history interview with Roy Allen

Oral History | Accession Number: 1997.A.0441.29 | RG Number: RG-50.462.0029

Roy Allen describes being an American pilot with the 457th Bomb group, 8th Air Force during World War II; being shot down over France and rescued by the French underground; being given a French identity and hiding in Jouy-le-Châtel and in Paris; being betrayed by a Belgian girl and captured by the Gestapo on August 1, 1944; being charged as a spy and not a prisoner of war; being imprisoned in Fresnes Penitentiary in Paris for one week and then sent to Buchenwald; the instructions US pilots were given before each mission and his experiences with the French underground; his arrival and processing at Buchenwald; the starvation and primitive living conditions in the camp; seeing the crematorium and witnessing the killing of prisoners by injection and by drowning in vats of ice water; the manufacturing of the V-2 rockets at Buchenwald; his interrogation at the prison in Fresnes, which established his status as military personnel; being transferred to Stalag Luft 3 at Sagan (Żagań, Poland) and treated as a prisoner of war; his treatment in Stalag 3 versus conditions in Buchenwald; being marched to Moosburg; being liberated by Patton’s 14th Armored division; and why he feels that World War II was justified.

Interviewee
Roy Allen
Date
1987 December 23  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
2 sound cassettes (60 min.).
Credit Line
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, acquired from the Gratz College Hebrew Education Society
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:47:57
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn508649