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Oral history interview with Yeshayahu Lichtenstein

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.359 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0359

Yeshayahu Lichtenstein, born in Ciechanów, Poland in May 1928, describes his religiously traditional family; being one of six children; the German arriving in his town in September 1939; a night curfew being imposed and a Jewish council being established to supply lists of people for labor and other lists of names for expulsion; being made to wear a yellow patch in 1941; the schools being closed and only being able to complete the fourth grade; his Bar Mitzvah; the roundup of all the Jews in town late at night and being taken by trucks to Birkenau, where he, his father, and his brother were separated from his mother and sister; the death of his sister and mother; doing hard labor in Birkenau and being taken to Auschwitz after two weeks; being favored by his Blockälteste and getting better food; working as an electrician assistant on the electric fences in the Romani camp and being treated relatively well; being trained by German civilians as an electrician outside the camp; working as a private servant for the SS supervisor of electricians for about a year; being in one of two groups sent on a two-week death march from Auschwitz to Mauthausen; spending three weeks in Mauthausen; being taken to camp Melk for three months, where prisoners worked in three shifts to build an underground city; being taken to Ebensee to build cement walls against air raids in an underground city; being liberated by the American Army in May 1945; representatives from different countries coming to register people; soldiers from the Jewish Brigade taking him with a group to an orphanage near Milan, Italy; being taken with a group to Cervino, Italy, where he stayed for five months to be schooled and trained; being taken with over 900 other youths by boat to Israel; going to Haifa and then Atlit; going to Kibbutz Hanita for two years with a Youth Aliyah group of about 40 boys and girls; going to Tel Aviv and working in construction; and getting married when he was 26 and raising a family of five children.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Yeshayahu Lichtenstein
interview:  1999 November 25
8 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:33:38
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