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Oral history interview with Avraham Tomashov

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.361 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0361

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Avraham Tomashov, born in 1916 in Dolný Kubín, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy (presently Slovakia), discusses being the third of six children; his family's move to Trstená; attending a Jewish school; his family's move to Pestújhely in 1923; his mother's long-term hospitalization; living with relatives; his father's death; one brother's immigration to Palestine in 1933; moving to Bratislava; participating in Mizrahi; working in Ostrava; joining a Mizrahi kibbutz; moving to Nováky; he and his brother boarding a ship for Palestine; being returned to Slovakia; working in Piešt̕any, then Rybany; anti-Jewish restrictions; draft into a slave labor battalion in March 1941; posting to Humenné; visiting his mother once; obtaining false papers from his sister in Žilina; being transferred to Svätý Jur; learning two brothers had been deported; escaping to Bratislava; obtaining false papers from clandestine Zionist groups; traveling illegally to Budapest; working as a non-Jew; German invasion; arrest, interrogation, and beating; escape; hiding with a friend; escaping to Romania with assistance from partisans; the Arad Jewish community hosting them; capture; forced labor in Tîrgu Jiu; release; transfer to Bucharest; assistance from the Joint; working for the Slovak ambassador in Bucharest; bringing aid from the Joint to Cluj and Bratislava; obtaining Red Cross papers; traveling to Uzhhorod; brief incarceration by the Soviets; traveling to Bucharest, then Prague; reunion with his sister, brother-in-law, and brother; helping organize immigration to Palestine for Beriḥah and in Karlovy Vary and Prague; marriage; immigration to Israel in 1948; and the births of two children. (He shows photographs and documents.)

Interviewee
Avraham Tomashov
Date
1999 December 02  (interview)
Language
Hebrew
Extent
11 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-07-11 15:49:23
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn509344