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Oral history interview with Hela Vronenberg

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.379 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0379

Hela Vronenberg, born in 1927 in Będzin, Poland, recounts being the youngest of three sisters; her family's affluence; attending public and Jewish schools; German invasion; her father dying from a police beating; buying food posing as a non-Jew (she was blond); selling family belongings to non-Jews; ghettoization; forced factory labor; her mother's deportation; her deportation to Oberaltstadt; slave labor in a weaving factory; better treatment by a German guard after she knit her a sweater; other guards giving them extra food; a prisoner nurse helping them; assistance from English and French POWs; abandonment by the guards; liberation by Soviet troops; publicly humiliating a German overseer; returning to Będzin; finding her home occupied; assistance from a former maid; living with a friend in Bytom, then relatives in Częstochowa; antisemitic harassment; learning her sisters had been killed; joining a Zionist kibbutz; meeting her future husband; illegal immigration by ship to Palestine; incarceration on Cyprus for nine months; her son's birth in 1951; her husband's death; and visiting Oberalstaldt and Poland with her son. (She shows photographs.)

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Hela Vronenberg
interview:  2000 June 15
3 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:50:17
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