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Oral history interview with Paulina Irum

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.382 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0382

Paulina Irum, born in 1920 in Warsaw, Poland, recounts the youngest of eight children; attending a Polish school; observing antisemitism at school; participating in Hashomer Hatzair; one brother and two sisters immigrating to Palestine in the 1930s; another brother's premature death; her brother's visit from Palestine in 1938 (he urged them to immigrate but her father refused); German invasion; fleeing without her parents' knowledge; living in Białystok, Minsk, and Orsha; working at a Soviet factory; returning to Białystok; deportation with her boyfriend to a Soviet camp in Arkhangelʹsk; marriage; her husband preventing her from committing suicide when she learned she was pregnant; her son's birth (he was the only baby to survive from their camp); transfer to Samarqand, then an agricultural area; working as a nurse; returning to Samarqand in 1944, then to Warsaw after the war; learning no one from her family had survived; traveling to Łódź; sending her son with a children's group to Paris; joining him two years later; immigration to Israel; reunion with two sisters; divorce; remarriage; and the birth of another son.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Paulina Irum
interview:  2000 October 26
2 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:50:18
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