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Oral history interview with Shoshana Koffler

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.385 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0385

Shoshana Koffler (née Horovitz), born in December 1934 in Tovste, Ukraine, describes her family; being called Rusale; her two older brothers; living with her extended family, including her grandmother and an uncle; her father, who was a grain merchant; experiencing some instances of antisemitism before the war; hearing rumors of the war starting and refugees from Hungary arriving; her father building a bunker in which their family hid; the German invasion in October 1942; she and her family being discovered; escaping with her brother and uncle; returning and finding the body of her grandmother and learning that her brother and parents were sent to Belżyce, Ukraine; living with her uncle and begging for food; escaping into the fields during the second and third Aktions; working with her uncle in the fields for peasants until they heard rumors of more shootings and escaped into the forest; hiding with her uncle for three months during the winter in an abandoned flour mill; being discovered and returning to town, which was under the command of a man named Vati, who protected Jews; living in a labor camp in Tovste with her uncle; cleaning the barracks while her uncle worked in the fields; being liberated by the Russians; the German retreat and walking with others for three months to the Russian border; going to Poland and then Germany; being taken care of by the UNRRA; going to live with relatives in Haifa, Israel in 1949; living with her uncle and brother in Ramleh; getting married; and having two children, to whom she never told details about her experiences.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Shoshana Koffler
interview:  2000 November 09
3 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:50:19
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