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Oral history interview with Khaika Shaevna Sherb, Aleksei Il’ich Magdevich, and Viktor Trofimevich Kovalchuk

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.103.1 | RG Number: RG-50.632.0001

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Khaika Shaevna Sherb, born in 1921 in Tulchin, Ukraine, describes her parents, who were also from Tulchin; growing up the oldest of four children (she had two brothers and one sister); the one synagogue in Tulchin prior to the war and Jews practiced their customs and observed religious holidays; her memories of a woman who baked matzo; the good relations between Jews and non-Jews in the city; her father leaving for the war and never returning; Jews receiving orders to gather at Pechora camp; the death of many Jews from Tulchin at Pechora camp; being in Pechora camp until the liberation; her mother’s death in Pechora camp; the survival of her siblings in the Pechora camp; and how Ukrainians gave Jews food through the camp fence.

Aleksei Il’ich Magdevich, born circa 1925 in a village located 10 kilometers from Tulchin, Ukraine (past station Zhuravlivka towards Kiev, Ukraine), describes moving to Tulchin at age 15-16 in 1936; working as a driver; how many Jews lived in Tulchin before the war, spoke Russian and Yiddish, and many worked as tradesmen; the good relations between Jews and non-Jews in the city; how Tulchin residents traveled to Kryzhopol, Ukraine for matzo flour; the one synagogue in Tulchin before the war and how after the war it was turned into a stocking factory; the Jewish school in Tulchin; the few old Jewish homes that still remain standing; the old Jewish cemetery, which is three kilometers away in Kapsonivka; and the numerous Jewish graves at Pechora.

Viktor Trofimevich Kovalchuk, born near a distillery one mile from Shpikov, Ukraine, describes his father, who was sent to a labor camp in 1937 and never returned; his mother, who was fired from her job as a teacher and went to work milking cows at a kolkhoz; going to Tulchin in 1951; getting married to a Ukrainian woman and celebrating both Jewish and Ukrainian holidays; the numerous Jews who excelled in the trade business in Tulchin; the Jewish school in Tulchin; how religious Jews hung mezuzahs on door posts and observed Jewish holidays; the kosher butcher in the city; how Jews were not admitted by the authorities to study at the institute; the synagogue in the city before the war and how Jews were not able to reclaim it after the war; the old Jewish cemetery, which is on the hillock; how during the war all Jews from Shpikov were marched to Rugism (possibly Rohizna, Ukraine), where they spent half a year before being sent to Pechora; being in Pechora until 1944; and how the Ukrainian local police were extremely brutal at the Pechora camp.

Interviewee
Khaika S. Sherb
Aleksei I. Magdevich
Viktor T. Kovalchuk
Interviewer
V. Chaplin
S. Stepanishchev
Date
2005 July 14  (interview)
Extent
1 digital file : WMA.
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:37:41
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn85564