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Oral history interview with Nisson Ovshievich Iurkovskii

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.103.23 | RG Number: RG-50.632.0023

Nisson Ovshievich Iurkovskii (also spelled Iurkovetskii), born in 1917 or 1919 in Tulchin, Ukraine, describes living his entire life in Tulchin; the existence of Jewish schools early on during Soviet rule; the good relations at one time between the Jews and Russians; the kosher butcher named Moishe Shekhet, who later moved to Vinnitsa, Ukraine; celebrating Jewish holidays; the different foods made for Passover; Jews not working on Saturdays; going mikvah; the mezuzas on doorways; Jews sitting shivah for seven days after funerals and covering mirrors with a white cloth; families strolling on the street in the evening from 7 to 11pm; the naming of children after deceased relatives; two of his sons who both live in the United States; his grandfather, who was a tailor, and his father, who was a barber; the killing of his father, mother, and aunt in a pogrom conducted by the Liakhovich gang; being wounded during the pogrom; being taken in for about five years by a Polish clergyman named Paskevich; his two older brothers (also barbers) and grandmother surviving the pogrom; being taken to a Tulchin orphanage age six; living with his grandmother later on; being educated at a Ukrainian school; working as a bus driver for 20 years and as a taxi driver for 15 years; speaking Yiddish with other Jews; the number of Jews who once lived in Tulchin and the poor Jews who lived in Kapsonivka district; a place called “birzha” where people exchanged currency; the 10 synagogues in Tulchin and the oldest synagogue; one of the synagogues being torn down when the military needed bricks; his estimate that there are 200 Jews left in Tulchin; a Jewish doctor’s assistant named Pinia Staroselskii; two doctors who assisted in the removal of Jews to Pechora camp (Dr. Morzhetskii and Dr. Beletskii); Stoyanov, who became chief of police when the Romanians occupied the area; a monument in Tulchin to those who perished in the war; being sent to Pechora camp; working at the Shpola camp loading rocks and escaping; being in Bershad, Ukraine later and returning to Tulchin after the war; being mobilized into the army in 1939; crossing into Poland with his army unit; the synagogue in Peremichi, Ukraine; seeing Germans force around 50 Jews into the town church, set it on fire, and burn it to the ground; seeing combat in Finland; attending the Odessa military school in 1941; and being all over Europe during the war, including Berlin, Prague, Dresden, Warsaw, Sofia, Bucharest, and Vienna.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Iurkovetskii, Nisson Ovshievich
interview:  2005 July 19-2006 July 10
4 digital files : MP3.
2 digital files : WMA.
2 digital files : WAV.
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 19:53:48
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