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Oral history interview with Nisson Ovshievich Iurkovskii

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2009.103.23 | RG Number: RG-50.632.0023

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    Oral history interview with Nisson Ovshievich Iurkovskii


    Interview Summary
    Nisson Ovshievich Iurkovskii (also spelled Iurkovetskii), born in 1917 or 1919 in Tulchin, Ukraine, describes living his entire life in Tulchin; the existence of Jewish schools early on during Soviet rule; the good relations at one time between the Jews and Russians; the kosher butcher named Moishe Shekhet, who later moved to Vinnitsa, Ukraine; celebrating Jewish holidays; the different foods made for Passover; Jews not working on Saturdays; going mikvah; the mezuzas on doorways; Jews sitting shivah for seven days after funerals and covering mirrors with a white cloth; families strolling on the street in the evening from 7 to 11pm; the naming of children after deceased relatives; two of his sons who both live in the United States; his grandfather, who was a tailor, and his father, who was a barber; the killing of his father, mother, and aunt in a pogrom conducted by the Liakhovich gang; being wounded during the pogrom; being taken in for about five years by a Polish clergyman named Paskevich; his two older brothers (also barbers) and grandmother surviving the pogrom; being taken to a Tulchin orphanage age six; living with his grandmother later on; being educated at a Ukrainian school; working as a bus driver for 20 years and as a taxi driver for 15 years; speaking Yiddish with other Jews; the number of Jews who once lived in Tulchin and the poor Jews who lived in Kapsonivka district; a place called “birzha” where people exchanged currency; the 10 synagogues in Tulchin and the oldest synagogue; one of the synagogues being torn down when the military needed bricks; his estimate that there are 200 Jews left in Tulchin; a Jewish doctor’s assistant named Pinia Staroselskii; two doctors who assisted in the removal of Jews to Pechora camp (Dr. Morzhetskii and Dr. Beletskii); Stoyanov, who became chief of police when the Romanians occupied the area; a monument in Tulchin to those who perished in the war; being sent to Pechora camp; working at the Shpola camp loading rocks and escaping; being in Bershad, Ukraine later and returning to Tulchin after the war; being mobilized into the army in 1939; crossing into Poland with his army unit; the synagogue in Peremichi, Ukraine; seeing Germans force around 50 Jews into the town church, set it on fire, and burn it to the ground; seeing combat in Finland; attending the Odessa military school in 1941; and being all over Europe during the war, including Berlin, Prague, Dresden, Warsaw, Sofia, Bucharest, and Vienna.
    Nisson O. Iurkovetskii
    interview:  2005 July 19-2006 July 10

    Physical Details

    4 digital files : MP3.
    2 digital files : WMA.
    2 digital files : WAV.

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    Administrative Notes

    The European University at St. Petersburg contributed the St. Petersburg Judaica Project to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives via the United States Holocaust Museum International Archives Project in June 2009.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:19:15
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