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Oral history interview with Abram Moiseevich Nikolaevskii

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.103.25 | RG Number: RG-50.632.0025

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Abram Moiseevich Nikolaevskii, born in 1932, describes his career as a photographer; his feelings about the terms used to describe Jews; his grandfather, who was a teacher of Jewish students; the many Hebrew books in his family; his father, who could read and write in Yiddish; never learning the Hebrew alphabet; understanding and speaking some Yiddish; the naming of Jewish children after deceased relatives; naming his daughter Nisa after his deceased sister; his parents who said that Jews were buried in white sheets, and those who were especially religious were buried in a sitting position without a casket; how burials were conducted quickly, often the day after death; other funeral rites including covering mirrors with a cloth and the family sitting in a room for a week; his sister’s Jewish wedding, which included a chuppah, a klezmer band, and a musician by name of Mashevskii who played the violin; baking matzo in secret for Passover; the main baker named Makar; the traditions during Hanukkah; attending a Ukrainian school even though there was also a Jewish school; his family’s homemade cherry wine; the Kaptsonivka neighborhood near the Jewish cemetery, which had a large and poor Jewish population; how during the war there were cases of Ukrainians saving Jews, including his friend’s family who escaped from Pechora camp and were hidden by Ukrainians (the friend later visited from Israel to see the Ukrainians who saved his family and provide testimony so that the woman who saved him was declared righteous); his father, who was sent to the front during the war while the family was evacuated; life under the Soviet system and Jews changing their names to Russian names; and his daughter and her husband who live in Israel.

Interviewee
Abram M. Nikolaevskii
Date
2005 July 16  (interview)
Extent
2 digital files : MP3.
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Record last modified: 2018-04-09 11:38:17
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn85602