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Oral history interview with Boris Timofeevich Knizhnik and Valentina Prokof'evna Knizhnik

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.103.17 | RG Number: RG-50.632.0017

Boris Timofeevich Knizhnik (born in 1936), Valentina Prokof'evna Knizhnik, and Liudmila Fedorovna Sennik (born in 1953 in Tulchin, Ukraine), describe the Jewish cemetery in Tulchin; Mr. Knizhnik's experiences as a non-Jew growing up among Jews and learning some Yiddish (he says a few words in Yiddish and sings a song in Yiddish); how the Jewish deceased were buried on the same day before sunset, wrapped in a blanket; how poor Jews were hired to say prayers at the cemetery; Baba Ania, who oversaw the cemetery; how it is said that in the corner of cemetery are buried many Jews who were shot during the war; the many Jews in Tulchin before the war and the few Jews who are left in Tulchin; how the Jews lived in houses, had goats and horses, were blacksmiths, bakers, carters, tailors, and barbers; the celebration of Jewish holidays, including Passover, Yom Kippur, and the New Year; their memories of the Jews always having chicken for dinner, no matter how hard the times; the synagogue in Tulchin that was bombed during the war; the numerous Jews who were taken to Pechora camp; and how some Jews were able to buy their way out of the camp from the Romanians with gold.

Interviewee
Valentina P. Knizhnik
Boris T. Knizhnik
Date
2005 July  (interview)
Extent
digital file : WMA.
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Record last modified: 2018-04-09 11:37:43
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn85588