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Oral history interview with Boris Timofeevich Knizhnik and Valentina Prokof'evna Knizhnik

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.103.17 | RG Number: RG-50.632.0017

Boris Timofeevich Knizhnik (born in 1936), Valentina Prokof'evna Knizhnik, and Liudmila Fedorovna Sennik (born in 1953 in Tulchin, Ukraine), describe the Jewish cemetery in Tulchin; Mr. Knizhnik's experiences as a non-Jew growing up among Jews and learning some Yiddish (he says a few words in Yiddish and sings a song in Yiddish); how the Jewish deceased were buried on the same day before sunset, wrapped in a blanket; how poor Jews were hired to say prayers at the cemetery; Baba Ania, who oversaw the cemetery; how it is said that in the corner of cemetery are buried many Jews who were shot during the war; the many Jews in Tulchin before the war and the few Jews who are left in Tulchin; how the Jews lived in houses, had goats and horses, were blacksmiths, bakers, carters, tailors, and barbers; the celebration of Jewish holidays, including Passover, Yom Kippur, and the New Year; their memories of the Jews always having chicken for dinner, no matter how hard the times; the synagogue in Tulchin that was bombed during the war; the numerous Jews who were taken to Pechora camp; and how some Jews were able to buy their way out of the camp from the Romanians with gold.

Knizhnik, Valentina Prokof'evna
Knizhnik, Boris Timofeevich
interview:  2005 July
digital file : WMA.
Record last modified: 2022-06-06 09:04:03
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