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Oral history interview with Galina Ivanovna, Klara Mikhailovna Kesel'brener, and Ester Abramovna Braverman

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.103.2 | RG Number: RG-50.632.0002

Galina Ivanovna describes the shoemakers residing in the settlement called Kaptsonivka; the old Jewish cemetery not far north of Kaptsonivka; and the annihilation of Jews at Pechora.

Klara Mikhailovna Kesselbrener, born in Bershadi (possibly Bershad’, Ukraine), discusses her mother, who was from Bershadi, and her father, who was from Golovalinsk; moving to Tulchin, Ukraine in 1974; the large Jewish population in Bershadi; the nearby village called Piliponovka, which was where the Russians lived; living in Tulchin for 30 years; working at a shoe factory for 26 years; the large number of Jews in Tulchin before the war; her grandmother, who did not eat pork and observed Shabbat; the old synagogue in Bershadi; her mother, who was married during the war by a rabbi in Bershadi; her memories of funerals in Bershadi; the good relations between Jews and non-Jews before the war; the exiling of the Jews to the village of Pechora at the beginning of the war; her mother-in-law Kira L’vovna Kesselbrener, who died in 1978 but used to tell her that Jews were herded toward Pechora and those who were old and could not walk fell down and were shot by the Germans; her mother-in-law losing a daughter in Pechora camp; her father-in law and mother-in-law returning to Tulchin after the war; the looting of Jewish homes in Tulchin during the war; the visits of Israeli Jews looking for old Torahs; and how in the fall the head of their community Rita Genikhovna conducts excursions to Pechora.

Ester Abramovna Braverman, born in 1925 in Tulchin, Ukraine, describes her parents, who were also born in Tulchin; the many Jews living throughout Tulchin, in the village of Nestervarka, and in Kaptsonivka; being in the Pechora camp with her mother while her father fought in the war; returning from the Pechora camp after the war and having religious services conducted at her hut; baking matzo for Passover; how weddings were held at home with Jewish musicians and Jewish music; circumcisions, which were performed at home for those Jews who wanted them; and the funeral rites and burials.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Ester A. Braverman
Klara M. Kesel'brener
V. Chaplin
S. Stepanishchev
interview:  2005 July 15
2 digital files : MP3.
1 digital file : WMA.
Record last modified: 2020-06-24 14:45:55
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