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Oral history interview with Fira Izrailevna Bekman

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.103.16 | RG Number: RG-50.632.0016

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Fira Izrailevna Bekman (Melamud), born in 1926, describes moving from Kharkiv to Tulchin, Ukraine when she was young; living in Odessa as a little girl; attending the first grade at a Jewish school in Kharkiv, and then attending a Ukrainian school when she moved to Tulchin; living in Uzbekistan during the war and learning to speak Yiddish; her father's death at the front; the deaths of many Jews who fought in the war; how her family celebrated Passover before the war, including the kosher dishes they prepared; her father, who was the editor of the local Ukrainian newspaper; her work for 42 years as a medic in local hospital; how Jews were not allowed to perform circumcision before the war, but an old Jew performed circumcisions in the synagogue in secret; how Jews buried their dead very quickly; how there was no synagogue in Tulchin after the war; traditions during Hanukkah; the poor neighborhood in Tulchin called Kapsonivka; Jewish life in Tulchin before the war, including the women who worked as matchmakers, the Jewish theater and klezmer music, and Jewish journals; how she cries when she hears Jewish music; the village called Gorishkovka (also spelled Horyshkivka), where many Jews lived before the war; and how many Jews were tradespeople.

Interviewee
Fira I. Bekman
Date
2005 July 24  (interview)
Extent
4 digital files : MP3.