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Oral history interview with Viktor Andreevich Sviatek and Nikolai Naumovich Tiraspol'skaia

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.103.34 | RG Number: RG-50.632.0034

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Viktor Andreevich Svetelik (or Sviatelik), born in 1947 in Tulchin, Ukraine, discusses his Russian mother and Ukrainian father; writing five books on the history of Tulchin; Kaptsonovka (Kaptsonivka) district in Tulchin where the poor Jews lived; the area in Tulchin where the very rich Jews lived; the numerous underground tunnels in Tulchin; his childhood when he lived near Jews in the market district in Tulchin and heard a lot of Yiddish spoken by Jews; Jews baking their own matzo for Passover; Jewish burial practices; many Jews working at a shoe factory or as tailors, seamstresses, barbers, and butchers;
taking lessons in Yiddish and having many books in Yiddish; the Jewish kolkhoz (collective farm) in the area in the 1930s; the Jewish population before and after the war; the concentration camp Pechora; the prevalence of antisemitism; a local Jewish woman resident in Tulchin, Galina Iosifovna Mogilevskaia, who knows a lot about the history of Jews in Tulchin;
Viktor Andreevich Svetelik (or Sviatelik), born in 1947 in Tulchin, Ukraine, discusses his Russian mother and Ukrainian father; writing five books on the history of Tulchin; Kaptsonovka (Kaptsonivka) district in Tulchin where the poor Jews lived; the area in Tulchin where the very rich Jews lived; the numerous underground tunnels in Tulchin; his childhood when he lived near Jews in the market district in Tulchin and heard a lot of Yiddish spoken by Jews; Jews baking their own matzo for Passover; Jewish burial practices; many Jews working at a shoe factory or as tailors, seamstresses, barbers, and butchers;
taking lessons in Yiddish and having many books in Yiddish; the Jewish kolkhoz (collective farm) in the area in the 1930s; the Jewish population before and after the war; the concentration camp Pechora; the prevalence of antisemitism; a local Jewish woman resident in Tulchin, Galina Iosifovna Mogilevskaia, who knows a lot about the history of Jews in Tulchin;
Nikolai Naumovich Tiraspol'skaia discusses how before the revolution there were Jewish gangs; the numerous “balagulas” (persons of low standing); and his grandfather who was a “balagula” and went with his wife (Tiraspol'skaia’s grandmother) to the United States during the pogroms but returned to Tulchin in 1933.

Interviewee
Nikolai N. Tiraspol'skaia
Viktor A. Sviatelik
Date
2005 July 16-2005 July 19  (interview)
Extent
7 digital file : WMA.
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Record last modified: 2018-11-07 13:55:36
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn85618