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Oral history interview with Ester Abramovna Braverman and Frida Isaakovna Pecherskaia

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.103.11 | RG Number: RG-50.632.0011

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Ester Abramovna Braverman, born in 1921 in Tulchin, Ukraine, describes spending her entire life in Tulchin; her parents, who were also from Tulchin; her entire family being sent to Pechora camp during the war; living at the camp for three and a half years; surviving along with her sister, while all of her other family members perished; working at a sewing factory; her father, who was a glassmaker; having a civil marriage ceremony without a huppah; being illiterate and completing two grades at school; growing up in a poor family that had no money to celebrate Jewish holidays; how 10-15 Jews would come to her house occasionally on Saturdays to pray (they had prayer books and wore tallit and kippahs); having a mezuzah on the door; the performing of circumcisions by a shoykhet (kosher slaughterer), who would suck the blood; being old and sick now; and receiving a pension from Germany that is spent on medications.
Frida Isaakovna Pecherskaia, born in 1927 in Bratslav, Ukraine, describes her parents, who were also from Bratslav and very poor; being one of five children; studying at age seven for half a year at a Jewish school in Bratslav before the school was burned down and not rebuilt; attending a Ukrainian school; her parents’ wedding ceremony which included a huppah at the cemetery to prevent illness; her grandfather, who was also very poor and worked as a water carrier; the one synagogue; carrying a stool for her grandfather to sit at the synagogue; baking bread for Shabbat and also making tsimmes and fish; baking their own matzo; her grandfather, who would make a Seder; eating kosher chicken; how for Yom Kippur they made fish and tsimmes; celebrating Sukkot; children being given money, candy, or cookies on Hanukkah; lighting candles on Shabbat; her father, who was taken into the army when the war started; her 17-year-old brother volunteering and dying as a tank crewman; being taken with her family on foot to Pechora camp; her mother being killed at Pechora at age 34; getting married in civil ceremony and settling in Tulchin in 1945; working at a beer brewery; and her husband returning from the war an invalid.

Interviewee
Frida I. Pecherskaia
Ester A. Braverman
Interviewer
M. Treskunov
V. Fedchenko
A. Kushkova
Date
2005 July 15  (interview)
Extent
2 digital files : MP3.
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:42:36
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn85580