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Poster advertising the flagships of the Hamburg-Amerika Line

Object | Accession Number: 1990.333.1

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    Poster advertising the flagships of the Hamburg-Amerika Line

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    Brief Narrative
    German advertisement poster for the Hamburg-America Line’s transatlantic liners, St. Louis and Milwaukee. On May 13, 1939, the St. Louis set sail from Hamburg, Germany with 937 passengers, almost all of whom were Jews fleeing the Third Reich. The majority of the passengers had applied for US visas, and planned to stay in Cuba until they could enter the United States. However, shortly before the ship set sail, Cuba invalidated the landing permits and transit visas of the Jewish refugee passengers. When the St. Louis arrived in Cuba on May 27, the Cuban government only allowed 28 passengers into the country. On June 2, the ship was ordered to leave Cuba. With 908 passengers still aboard, the St. Louis sailed to Miami, Florida where the Jewish refugees were again refused entry due to strict quota limits and isolationist sentiment. The St. Louis sailed back to Europe on June 6, 1939. Jewish organizations were able to secure entry visas for the passengers in Great Britain, France, Belgium, and the Netherlands rather than return to Germany. Of the 620 passengers who returned to continental Europe, 254 died in the Holocaust. Gustav Schroeder, the captain of the St Louis was recognized as Righteous Among the Nations on March 11, 1993 in acknowledgement of his efforts to find safe passage for his Jewish passengers.
    St. Louis und Milwaukee
    Alternate Title
    St. Louis and Milwaukee
    publication/distribution:  1929-1935
    manufacture: Hamburg (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
    front, top, printed, black ink : „ST. LOUIS" / und „MILWAUKEE" [St. Louis and Milwaukee]
    front, center right, printed, gray ink : „Die grössten / deutschen / Motor / Schiffe" [The biggest German motor ships”]
    front, bottom, printed, black ink: HAMBURG-AMERIKA / LINIE [Hamburg America Line]
    front, bottom right corner, printed, black ink : MÜHLMEISTER & JOHLER, HAMBURG.
    front, lower right, printed black ink : O ANTON / HAMBURG
    Designer: Ottomar C. Anton
    Printer: Muhl Meister & Johler
    Ottomar Carl Joseph Anton was born in Hamburg Germany on December 15, 1895. From 1912 to 1913 he attended the school of decorative art in Hamburg and later attended the University of Modern Fine Arts in Hamburg. From 1920 to the early 1930s Anton was commissioned to design print advertisements for commercial air and cruise lines such as the Hamburg-America Line, the Deutsche Afrika Line, the White Star Line and the Cunard Line. He also created posters for beer and cigarette companies and for the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin. In 1933 he joined the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party). He designed several political posters for the party, the Hitler Youth and the Waffen SS. During this time his posters were translated into several languages and sent to every corner of Nazi occupied Europe. In 1936, Anton joined the Schutzstaffel (SS), member number 283,804, and achieved the rank of SS-Hauptsturmführer (head assault leader). After the war Anton worked for companies such as Cologne 4711 and Adler and he became a professor at the School of Arts in Bremen. Ottomar Anton died in 1976 in Hamburg, Germany.

    Physical Details

    Physical Description
    Offset Lithographic German advertising poster printed on heavy weight, off white paper depicting two ocean liners, the St. Louis and Milwaukee. The background is yellow, and the ships and shipping line are identified in large black text at the top and bottom with a short description in gray text near the top right. In the center are two large ships with black hulls, white upper decks, and yellow smoke stacks with red, white and black tops. Red lines along the ships’ keels symbolize the water. On the left, the front ship is positioned diagonally in ¾ profile, while on the right, the rear ship is in profile and is partially obscured by the front ship. The artists’ name and publisher information is in the lower right corner. For a similar example of this poster see accession number 2000.254.1.
    overall: Height: 33.000 inches (83.82 cm) | Width: 23.500 inches (59.69 cm)
    overall : paper, ink, pencil
    back, lower left corner, handwritten, pencil : S359
    back, lower right corner, handwritten, pencil :16

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Corporate Name
    St. Louis (Ship)

    Administrative Notes

    The poster was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1990.
    Record last modified:
    2024-04-29 07:56:30
    This page:

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