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Pro-Nazi election poster with a giant red swastika and number 1

Object | Accession Number: 1990.333.18

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    Pro-Nazi election poster with a giant red swastika and number 1


    Brief Narrative
    Political poster promoting the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler for the German elections of 1932. The image shows how, with the people’s support, the Nazi Party became the most popular political party in Germany. This poster was initially preserved by the FJM Rehse Archive and Museum of Contemporary History in Munich, a museum operated by the Nazi Party that preserved much of their early propaganda. By June 1932, Germany was deep in the throes of the Great Depression, with six million unemployed. This economic distress contributed to a rise in the popularity of the Nazi Party who along with the Communist Party and the Social Democrats, were the most popular political parties in Germany. When Germany held parliamentary elections in July of that year, the Nazi party won almost 40 percent of the electorate in the Reichstag, becoming the largest party in German parliament. However Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party failed to defeat incumbent Social Democratic President Paul von Hindenburg in the presidential election. With the support of his majority party, Hitler was appointed Chancellor by President Hindenburg on January 30, 1933.
    Das Volk Wählt Liste 1 Nationalsozialisten
    Alternate Title
    The People select List 1 National Socialists
    publication/distribution:  1932
    creation: Munich (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
    front, top left, printed, black ink : DAS / VOLK [THE PEOPLE]
    front, top right, printed, black ink : WÄHLT / LISTE [ELECT LIST]
    front, bottom, printed, black ink : NATOINALSOZIALISTEN [NATIONAL SOCIALISTS]
    front, bottom right, printed , black ink : KUNST IM DRUCK GMBH MÜNCHEN [ART IN PRINT GMBH MUNICH]
    front, right center, printed, black ink : WEM
    Artist: WEM
    Editor: Adolf Wagner
    Previous owner: Friedrich J. Rehse
    Friedrich Josef Rehse was born on March 23, 1870, in Münster, Germany. He worked as a photographer until the outbreak of World War I, when he began collecting printed materials such as pamphlets, maps, stamps, postcards, letters, photographs and posters. Rehse continued to add to his collection throughout the 1920’s, becoming friendly with Adolf Hitler and other National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi Party or NSDAP) leadership and acquiring many pieces of their early propaganda work. In 1929, the NSDAP, which up to that point had saved little of their early works, purchased the entire collection from Rehse for 80,000 Reichsmarks and appointed him archivist of the collection. The collection was kept in the office of the NSDAP in the Munich Schellingstrasse, and in 1932 was named the "FJM Rehse Archive for Contemporary History and Journalism Munich.” In 1935, the collection was moved to the north wing of the Munich Residence, which was turned into a museum and renamed the “FJM Rehse Archive and Museum of Contemporary History Munich." The collection continued to grow both through legitimate acquisitions and through Nazi plunder until the end of the war when Munich was liberated by American troops in 1945. The collection was confiscated, and the unlawfully acquired pieces were returned to their rightful owners. The remainder of the collection, along with the files of the NSDAP main archive, were taken to the Library of Congress in Washington DC. Friedrich Rehse, aged 81, died on January 14, 1952 in Munich, Germany. Much of the confiscated collection was returned to the Federal Republic of Germany in 1963 as part of a "book repatriation" by the United States.

    Physical Details

    Nazi propaganda
    Propaganda posters.
    Physical Description
    Offset lithographic poster printed on faded white paper, adhered to a white linen backing depicting a large centered, red number 1 rising from the center of a red swastika laying on its side. Masses of small, indistinct figures are streaming in between the spaces between the arms of the swastika. There are two lines of black text in the top corners with the text on the left underlined, and a line of black text at the bottom. The background of the poster is white. The poster has several small red dots on the left edge. There is a small stamp near the bottom.
    overall: Height: 47.250 inches (120.015 cm) | Width: 33.500 inches (85.09 cm)
    overall : paper, ink, linen, adhesive
    front, bottom, stamped, blue ink : F.J.M. Rehse / Archiv / f. Zeitgeschichte / u. Publizistik / München [F.J.M. Rehse / Archive / f. Contemporary History / u. Journalism / Munich]

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name

    Administrative Notes

    The poster was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1990.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:21:28
    This page:

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