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Broadside proclaiming public support for the declaration of Hitler as both Chancellor and President

Object | Accession Number: 1990.333.28

German political broadside encouraging public support for Adolf Hitler’s usurpation of power after the death of German President, Paul von Hindenburg, in 1934. The broadside features an image of the ballot used in the referendum with the affirmative box brightly marked with a large X. After Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany on January 30, 1933, he began laying the foundations for the Nazi state, worked to secure his power, and eliminate his opposition. In February 1933, after an attack on the Reichstag, the government passed the Reichstag Fire Decree, which suspended individual rights and due process of law. In March of 1933, the German Parliament passed the enabling act, which allowed Hitler to create and sign legislation into law without parliamentary consent. To eliminate their opposition, Hitler and the Nazis abolished trade unions, replaced elected officials with Nazi appointees, and outlawed other political parties. On June 30, 1934, the Schutzstaffel (SS), acting on orders from Hitler, executed the party’s political enemies and rival members who threatened Hitler’s rule, in what would later be called, the Night of the Long Knives. On August 2, the last barrier to Hitler’s total control of Germany, President Paul Von Hindenburg, died. Hitler ordered the government to merge his position of Chancellor with the office of the President. To legitimize his position, the Nazis declared a referendum take place on August 19. The Nazis campaigned heavily for public support of the referendum, and 89 percent of voters supported the merger, approving Hitler’s absolute control of Germany.

Title
Am.19.August wird deutschen Volke folgende Frage vorgelegt
Alternate Title
On August 19 the following question will be presented to the German people
Date
publication/distribution:  1934 August 02-1934 August 19
Geography
creation: Munich (Germany)
Language
German
Classification
Posters
Genre/Form
Political posters.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
 
Record last modified: 2020-01-07 14:01:32
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn3738