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German Social Democratic Party anti-Nazi election poster

Object | Accession Number: 1990.333.2

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    German Social Democratic Party anti-Nazi election poster

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    German, anti-Nazi political propaganda poster promoting the Social Democratic Party for the elections of 1932. The figure on the poster wears the brown garb of a Sturmabteilung (SA or Storm Trooper), a paramilitary organization that had a reputation for violence and intimidation against Jews and Nazi opponents. By June 1932, Germany was deep in the throes of the Great Depression, with six million unemployed. This economic distress contributed to a rise in the popularity of the Nazi Party who along with the Communist Party and the Social Democrats, were the most popular political parties in Germany. The Social Democrats ran on a platform of maintaining freedom, democracy and the Republic, honoring Germany’s political and financial obligations, job creation, governmental expenditure cuts to lower taxes, and free speech. When Germany held parliamentary elections in July of that year, the Nazi party won almost 40 percent of the electorate in the Reichstag to become the largest party in German parliament. However, Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party failed to defeat incumbent Social Democratic President Paul von Hindenburg in the presidential election. With the backing of his majority party, Hitler was appointed Chancellor on January 30, 1933.
    Title
    Der Feind steht rechts wählt Sozialdemokraten
    Alternate Title
    The Enemy is on the Right/Choose Social Democrats
    Date
    publication/distribution:  1932
    Geography
    manufacture: Berlin (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
    Markings
    front, printed, red ink : Der Feind / steht rechts. / Wählt Sozialdemokraten [The enemy is on the right. Choose Social Democrats]
    front, right, printed, black ink : Hurrah [Hurray]
    front, bottom left, printed, black ink : Offsetdruck Hermann Baswitz / Berlin S 42 [Offset printing Hermann Baswitz Berlin S 42]
    front, bottom right, printed, black ink : Plakat 1A [Poster 1A]
    Contributor
    Printer: Offsetdruck Hermann Baswitz

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Posters
    Category
    Nazi propaganda
    Physical Description
    Offset lithographic German political poster on brown paper with a white linen backing. On the right stands a uniformed Sturmabteilung (Stormtrooper) on a small, red, circular platform. In his right hand is a pole with a white, triangular pennant bearing a black swastika flying at the top, and in his left is a black truncheon. He wears dark red shoes, a brown uniform of gaiters, knee length pants and a long sleeved shirt, and a shiny black helmet. On his left arm is a white armband with black and red stripes and a central black swastika. The man’s face has a red hue and his mouth is open with a word emerging from it. To the left are four lines of script in large red Sütterlin font.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 20.000 inches (50.8 cm) | Width: 29.500 inches (74.93 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink, adhesive, linen, pencil
    Inscription
    front, bottom right on linen, handwritten, pencil : pI176
    front, bottom left on linen, handwritten, pencil : 16/k

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Corporate Name
    Germany. Reichstag

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The poster was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1990.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 08:30:33
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn3729

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