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Pro-Nazi election poster with the faces of Hitler and Hindenburg

Object | Accession Number: 1990.333.14

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    Pro-Nazi election poster with the faces of Hitler and Hindenburg

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi Party) campaign poster featuring a black and white image of the heads of Adolf Hitler and Paul von Hindenburg. The quote below them is from poet Max von Schenkendorf and is inscribed on an 1897 monument to Kaiser Wilhelm I. The monument commemorates the founding of the German Empire and affirms German unity. The reuse of this quote, with its allusions to the monument and the German Empire, reaffirms the Nazi party platform of a union of all Germans. Forming a greater Germany through the abolition of the Treaty of Versailles and the return of lands lost in World War I was part of the Nazi Party platform. The image of Hitler’s face in front of Hindenburg’s and the text on the poster communicates that a reunion of German peoples and restoration of German national pride can only be accomplished through voting for Hitler and other Nazi Party candidates.
    Title
    Nimmer wird das Reich zerstöret wenn ihr einig seid und treu
    Alternate Title
    Never will the empire be destroyed if you are united and loyal
    Date
    publication/distribution:  1933
    Geography
    manufacture: Munich (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
    Markings
    front, center, printed, red ink : „Nimmer / wird das Reich / zerstöret - / wenn ihr einig / seid und treu" [Never will the empire be destroyed if you are united and loyal]
    front, bottom center, printed, white : 1 / Nationalsozialisten [1 National Socialists]
    front, bottom left, printed, red ink : Fotomontage Bauer, München / Verantwortlich: Hans Weidemann, München [Fotomontage Bauer, Munich / Responsible: Hans Weidemann, Munich]
    front bottom right, printed, red ink : DRUCK : FRANZ LÜCK, BERLIN [Print : Franz Luck Berlin]
    Signature
    front, left, center, printed, gray ink : FG
    Contributor
    Subject: Adolf Hitler
    Printer: Franz Lück
    Publisher: Hans Weidemann
    Subject: Paul von Hindenburg
    Poet: Max von Schenkendorf
    Biography
    Hans Weidemann was born in Essen, Germany on May 22, 1904. He studied at the Art Academy in Düsseldorf and was a trained painter by profession. He joined the Nazi Party in 1927 and was given party number 97,362. In 1933, Weidemann was appointed as a speaker in the Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda and while there he became a close associate of Joseph Goebbels. On May 25, 1933 Weidemann traveled to the United States to attend the Chicago World’s Fair as a representative of Germany. He was the first member of the Nazi government to enter the U.S. In June 1935, Weidemann was appointed director of Newsreels to influence the public and spread propaganda. He also directed the propaganda film Festliches Nürnberg which chronicled the Nazi Party rallies in Nuremberg in 1936 and 1937. In April 1938, Weidemann joined the Schutzstaffel (SS) number 293,074. After the war he went into hiding and later through the denazification process and worked as a painter. Hans Weidemann, aged 71 died in November 1975.
    Paul von Hindenburg was born on October 2, 1847 in Posen, Prussia (now Poznań, Poland) to an aristocratic family. He joined the Prussian army after spending his childhood and teenage years in cadet school. He fought for Prussia in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 and the Franco Prussian War in 1870-1871. After the unification of Germany, Hindenburg continued his service in the new German army, retiring in 1911 as a general. At the outbreak of World War I in 1914, he was recalled to serve as commander of the German Eighth Army. He led his forces to victory over Russia on the Eastern Front at the Battles of Tannenburg and Mausaurian, and became a national hero. In recognition for his accomplishments, Hindenburg was promoted to Field Marshal and received command of all German land forces in 1916. After Germany’s defeat in World War I, he was able to maintain his status as a war hero and retired in June 1919. Following the conclusion of World War I, the German November Revolution dissolved the monarchy and established the Weimar Republic.

    In April 1925, after the death of then president Friedrich Ebert, Hindenburg was elected as the Weimar Republic’s second president. During the 1920s the Nazi party had been gaining popular support. They were bolstered by the German people’s dissatisfaction with the stiff punishments of the Versailles Treaty, and the economic depression that struck in 1929 also exacerbated the people’s disillusionment with the government. When his presidential term expired in 1932, Hindenburg ran for reelection. It was believed he was the only candidate who could defeat Adolf Hitler. Hindenburg won the presidency, but the Nazi Party received a majority of the seats in the German parliament, the Reichstag. Unable to form a coalition government without Nazi support, Hindenburg’s chancellor, Franz von Papen, negotiated a deal with Hitler that would allow Hitler to become Chancellor, Papen would be Vice Chancellor, and non-Nazis would fill most other governmental posts. However, Hitler outmaneuvered and manipulated his contemporaries to put himself in a position where he could acquire unlimited political power. On August, 2 1934, Paul von Hindenburg, aged 86, died in Neudeck, Germany (now Ogrodzieniec, Poland).

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Posters
    Category
    Nazi propaganda
    Physical Description
    Poster printed on off white paper adhered to a white linen backing featuring black and white photos of the disembodied heads of Paul Von Hindenburg and Adolf Hitler. At the top left, Hindenburg’s head with white hair and a long, white, handlebar mustache is in three quarters right profile with his eyes looking to his right. To the right is the head of Hitler, facing and staring straight ahead. Below are 5 lines of red text in fraktur font. To the left is a large white 1 and below is a line of white text. The paper has a large hole that has been repaired in the top right. It is slightly discolored at the top right and has several creases and tears.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 47.500 inches (120.65 cm) | Width: 33.250 inches (84.455 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink, adhesive, linen, pencil
    Inscription
    front, bottom left on linen, handwritten, pencil : 16/K
    front, bottom right on linen, handwritten, pencil : PII460

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The poster was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1990.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:21:28
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn3723

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