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Oral history interview with Vladimīr Tuček

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.439.36 | RG Number: RG-50.675.0036

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Vladimír Tuček, born September 20, 1927 in Prague, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic), describes his Jewish mother Anna (born in the small village Bělečko) and his non-Jewish father (born in Prague); his family’s work at the post office; spending holidays in Bělečko; his father’s divorce from his mother in 1939 because she was Jewish and he was trying to protect the family; his mother move to her sister’s house shortly after the divorce; the views on mixed marriages before the war; getting baptized in 1939 when the Germans arrived; his maternal grandmother Matilda Cinerová, who knew how to read Hebrew and taught it to Vladimír; his mother’s two brothers and two sisters Eliška and Berta (both sisters survived the war); attending school; not seeing antisemitic behavior in school before the war; being forced to leave grammar school in 1939 because he was a child from a mixed marriage; the impact of the occupation on his family; having to wear the Jewish star; being denounced many times by a family in Bělečko; the deportation of his mother in 1942 to Theresienstadt and shortly after to Auschwitz, where she died; the deportation of the handicapped sister of his maternal grandmother to a concentration camp, where she died; the deportation of his aunt Eliška in 1944 to Theresienstadt where she caught typhus, but survived; attending a publics school; working in a factory named Blaníček and Malec, which was owned by his mother´s cousins, the Vaníček brothers; working in the factory until 1944, when he was sent to Bystřice to a concentration camp for children from mixed marriages; going by train from Praha-Bubny railroad station to Toršovice, where they stayed for a few days in an abandoned farmhouse; walking to the concentration camp; conditions in the barrack and the men who lived there with him, including Mr. Martinec and the Sýgler brothers; his friendship with the Pelešek brothers, Jára Pospíšil and Kopecký, who took secret photographs of the camp; daily life in the camp; working in a furniture factory; meeting up with his father at one point; staying in contact with his father through notes; witnessing the beatings of people who tried to escape the camp; punishments in the camp; a camp doctor named Sláma; his work at the railway station, unloading boxes of ammunition; his work digging trenches between Benešov and Petrovice; staying in the concentration camp until May 1, 1945; leaving the camp with his friends; working in Neveklov as a driller; witnessing some violence toward the German people after the war; the artists in the camp, including Jára Pospíšil, the dancer Jarský, the pianist Kopecký, the singer Špaček, the trumpeter Victor Tomašu, and the Deuch brothers; a soccer match that occurred in the camp and other recreational activities; and how he was able to cope with being a concentration camp inmate.

Interviewee
Vladimīr Tuček
Interviewer
Adam Hradilek
Date
2015 July 30  (interview)
Language
Czech
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:49:30
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn193239