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Oral history interview with Jaroslava Zoráhalová

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.439.46 | RG Number: RG-50.675.0046

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Jaroslava Franc Zoráhalová, born on June 4, 1927 in Olomouc, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic), describes moving with her family to Zlin, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic) and later back to Olomouc; how Jews had lived peacefully among Czechs and Germans until 1933; the Germans’ arrival in Zlin and the effects on the Jews including, having to wear the Star of David, having minimal access to food, being barred from buses, trams, cinemas, and many other places; seeing signs on buildings like “Jews out!” and “Jude” next to a drawing of a pig; hearing that some Jewish families committed suicide; being reared Catholic but having a Jewish grandmother; the deportation of her 71 year old grandmother with many of her siblings to Theresienstadt and then to Auschwitz; learning after the war that when her grandmother arrived in Auschwitz she was forced with the entire transport into a truck and gassed to death; her mother not having to wear the Jewish star or be sent to a camp because she was not considered fully Jewish and her German father had divorced her Jewish mother; Jews in small nearby villages, like Jevíčko and Tršice, having to perform humiliating public tasks; her father’s work for the Baťa factory, which helped some Jews escape to various countries; how the factory helped one of her uncles escape to Casablanca; the fates of other Jews she knew, including Zuzana Bekmanová and the Herlich family; having only spoken German only once since the war; seeing after the war an old, very fat German man hanging dead in the town square; and hearing that a young disabled woman, Sášenka Halavaňová, sneaked into a camp where the Germans had to live post-war and whipped the Germans.

Interviewee
Jaroslava Zoráhalová
Interviewer
Adam Hradilek
Date
2015 August 03  (interview)
Language
Czech
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:51:14
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn193276