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Oral history interview with Ružena Höllingerová

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.439.39 | RG Number: RG-50.675.0039

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Ružena Hollingerová, born on February 24, 1924 in Volary, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic), describes attending school for eight years; her mother, who worked for farmers as a helper and cleaned tracks, washed clothes, and cleaned offices and waiting rooms; her father, who was a wood turner; her brother; how during the war her family hid two Jewish girls along with their neighbor, Anna Pek; the demographics of Volary, where most residents were German and others were Czech or Hungarian; the lack of Jews in Volary before the war; the good relations amongst the people of Volary; living with her family in a German community; the changes in life in Volary after the occupation; the spread of typhus in Volary and the death of her four-month-old baby from typhus; the improvements when the Americans arrived; seeing the survivors of the death march to Volary; the burial of the death march victims in the cemetery; a death march survivor, Mrs. Dengler from Poland, who stayed in Volary after she got better; the terrible treatment of the Jewish prisoners by the guards; a woman (Paule) who helped some of the women after they escaped the guards; bringing some of the women food and making a hiding place for them in her attic; how after the Americans arrived the Jewish women were moved to a school, where they were cared for by German women; bringing milk and bread to the women; the Americans forcing everyone in the city to look at the corpses of the death march victims in order to witness what the Germans had done; the men from Volary who were sent to work in Moscow during the war and never returned; and relations with the German citizens in Volary after the war.

Interviewee
Ružena Höllingerová
Interviewer
Adam Hradilek
Date
2015 July 31  (interview)
Language
Czech
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:50:05
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn193242