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Oral history interview with Jan Weiser

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.439.32 | RG Number: RG-50.675.0032

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Jan Weiser, born 1919 in Loštice, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic), describes growing up on the Jewish street in Loštice and knowing all of the 10 to 11 Jewish families in Loštice personal; the relations between Jews and non-Jews in Loštice; how until the 1930s, the Jews were perceived as strongly pro-German by the Czechs; his Jewish friends; his father receiving a loan with no interest from a Jewish friend, Eckstein, in 1928; the families he knew in Loštice and their fates, including Eckstein, Weis, Langer, Kneppelmacher, Klein, Weiser, Ehrlich, Ottakar Lőw, Hirsch, Emil Fischer, Wischnitzer, and Appel; being told that after German occupation, many Jewish men went on forced labor to the village of Kozov, where they were building a road; Jewish women being forced to sweep the streets in Loštice; Jews having to wear yellow stars and follow a curfew; the German military administration warning Czechs against meeting Jews at the town hall; continuing to meet with Jews despite these warnings; how the Czech police behaved ambiguously unless the Germans were watching; a local military administrator named Biener, who moved to Loštice in 1935 and wore a SS uniform after he occupation; the moderate German factory owner, Bruno Hauch, who became mayor in 1939; hearing about Hitler Jugend marches through Mohelnice, Czech Republic; the gradual repressions against Jews, which were announced publicly; local Jews hiding property with trusted neighbors; his father hiding two suitcases of items for his friend Eckstein; being in the army in Vyškov as a pilot between 1937 and 1939; returning home at the end of March 1939 when he was released from the army; doing forced labor in the German aviation factory Letov in Olomouc, Czech Republic in 1941 when the Loštice Jews were deported; Germans taking over the property of the Jews; and the return of the Eckstein family after the war and reclaiming their home.

Interviewee
Jan Weiser
Interviewer
Adam Hradilek
Date
2014 July 03  (interview)
Language
Czech
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:48:43
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn87815