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Oral history interview with Jutta Lewkowicz

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.338.6 | RG Number: RG-50.037.0006

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Jutta Lewkowicz, born in 1928 in Dortmund, Germany, describes her father, mother, and two sisters, Ruth and Renee (she was the oldest sibling); the survival of her immediate family during the Holocaust and their immigration to the United States in 1947; her paternal grandparents, who went to Argentina in 1941 following one of their daughters; her father, who was a textile merchant and well off; renting a comfortable house in a nice neighborhood and having a happy life until about 1938; being forced to move to a low-class area; her father having to close his business and become a street sweeper; her vivid memories of Kristallnacht on November 9, 1938, during which the Gestapo took her father for interrogation; how the lives of the Jews continued to deteriorate and become even more difficult; being afraid to walk on the street because they were harassed by their German neighbors; attending a Jewish school, which was closed in 1941; her two failed attempts to leave Germany by Kindertransport; being brutally attacked and beaten by neighborhood kids; the bombing of her street in 1941 and the destruction of their house; being registered as a German along with her mother and sisters and sent to Czechoslovakia; her father remaining in Dortmund; being suspected as Jews in Czechoslovakia and being sent back alone to Dortmund; being sent with her father in 1942 to forced labor camps until the end of the war in 1945; the poor conditions in the camp and getting very sick; being liberated and going to Czechoslovakia to find her mother and sisters with no success; returning to Dortmund and finding her family; her father and future husband, Bernard Lewkowicz, working for the Jewish Joint Distribution Committee; getting married in 1947; and settling in Buffalo, NY.

Interviewee
Jutta Lewkowicz
Date
1992 May 18  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:40:24
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511765