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Oral history interview with Donald Day and Morton Brooks

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.338.10 | RG Number: RG-50.037.0010

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Morton Brooks and Donald Day were both infantry men in the United States Army and reflect on their experiences as prisoners of war. Morton Brooks describes being captured in January 1945 near Strasbourg, France; being a prisoner first in a camp in Bad Orb, Germany (possibly Stalag IX B) and then in Stalag 7C (possibly Stalag Luft VII) in Eastern Germany; and being liberated by the US Army. Donald Day describes being captured in December 1944 and liberated by the British Army in 1945. Morton Brooks describes that the Germans found out that he was Jewish when the prisoners were processed and being separated from the others. Donald Day noted how their position became worse as they moved farther away from the front line; being in a "multinational" Stalag in Neubrandenburg, Germany, where Polish and particularly Russian prisoners were used daily for target practice; receiving occasional Red Cross packages; and forming friendships with the other prisoners. Morton Brooks describes working in mines; being marched for about one month away from the front line; the lack of food (he shows a photograph of him and another prisoner); only 10 percent of the prisoners surviving; and his liberation by the US 11th Army. Donald Day describes being forced to march to Schwerin, Germany (Skwierzyna, Poland), where he worked chopping wood; meeting a young German soldier, who gave him a map in exchange for a letter stating that he had befriended an American soldier; escaping with other prisoners; walking toward Hamburg, Germany and being found by a British tank group; commandeering a German car and traveling toward Paris, France; and their car being stolen. They describe their post-war lives and their thoughts on Germans.

Interviewee
Mr. Morton Brooks
Donald Day
Date
1990 July  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:42:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511769