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Oral history interview with Irmgard Mueller

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.338.47 | RG Number: RG-50.037.0047

Irmgard Mueller, born in Germany in 1920, describes having a very pleasant and privileged childhood; attending school; conditions changing when Hitler came to power; attending a training school in Berlin, Germany to learn bookkeeping, sewing, and fashion design; Kristallnacht in 1938 and the destruction of shops and synagogues; the closing of schools and returning home by train; the National Socialist (Nazi) Party forcing her family to sell their house for a minimum; having to live in one room; her time in labor camps from 1940 to 1941; being gathered at Hamburger Strasse near the cemetery and taken by train to Birkenau on Hitler's birthday in 1943; the selections and being processed into the camp; the emotional conditions of the inmates; sanitary conditions; being beaten severely; volunteering for additional Jobs to get a little more food; roll calls and standing for hours in the cold until prisoners were accounted for; an officer from Berlin, whom they knew, coming to Birkenau and sending them to better jobs and better accommodations; going to Auschwitz and working in an office as a bookkeeper; going to shelters when the Americans bombed in 1944; being taken to Ravensbrück in January 1945; escaping to a farmer who put them up and gave them food; the Red Cross helping the nationals get out of Germany to Sweden; arriving in the United States in 1947; and believing she survived because of luck.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Irmgard Mueller
Mrs. Toby Back
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:51:35
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