Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Oral history interview with Henry Joseph

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.338.32 | RG Number: RG-50.037.0032

Henry Joseph, born in 1925 in Laufersweiler, Germany, describes the small farming village, which had a population of about 600 including 25 Jewish families; living with his parents, grandparents, and sister; his family operating a Matzah factory and selling feed, coal, and flour; his sister fleeing to Holland in April 1942 at the age of 21 and later being killed in Auschwitz (she shows photographs of his sister and of a group of children from his community); his father dying in 1934; the decline of the business with the Nuremberg laws; attending Catholic school; Kristallnacht in 1938; the roundup of Jewish males and the burning of the synagogue; the destruction during Kristallnacht; going to Luxembourg, where they had relatives; their visas for the United States being delayed; being sent with his relatives to October 1941 to the ghetto in Łódź, Poland; his last letter from his mother, who stayed in Laufersweiler; working in a metal factory until the end of 1944; conditions in the ghetto before the liquidation in 1944; being sent on a train to Auschwitz; being sent to Hannover, Germany to a small camp (possibly Hannover-Stöcken), where they marched daily to a tire factory; the abuse they endured; the allied bombings increasing and being taken to bunkers to work in the factory underground; marching to Bergen-Belsen; being forced to bury the dead in the camp; being liberated by the British; his hope that his story will be a lesson to the world ; and speaking with his sons about his experience.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Henry Joseph
Mrs. Toby Back
interview:  1975
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:35:07
This page: