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Oral history interview with Judith Zucker

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.338.61 | RG Number: RG-50.037.0061

Judith Balassa Zucker, born circa 1934 in the small town Krupina, Czechoslovakia (Slovakia), describes having a normal childhood with her older sister; her father being one of seven physicians in town and also a dentist; her mother being trained as a pharmacist; her uncle, a physician in another village, being dismissed and coming to live with them in 1940; restrictions placed on Jews, including Jewish physicians; the jurisdiction changes in Czechoslovakia; never seeing German soldiers until near the end of the war but the local population treating them just as bad as the Nazis; men, including her uncle, being taken to the labor camp Nowaki (Novaky) in 1941; people trying to flee to Hungary; her uncle being taken to Birkenau and shot; the fates of her grandparents and another uncle; being kicked out of her school and attending a small Jewish school; being beaten up by a boy when she was six years old; belongings of value being confiscated in 1940; the development of an underground resistance movement, which was helped by four parachutists who were sent by the British from Palestine and had originally come from the area; the parachutists being caught and executed; the resistance being helped by some Russian parachutists; hiding with a small group that went into the Low Tatra mountains with her father as the leader; life in the mountains during the winter and struggling to find food; crossing the Russian front in 1945; returning home; going to Israel in 1949; and why she told her story to her boys.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Zucker, Judith
Back, Mrs. Toby
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Record last modified: 2022-06-23 09:44:06
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