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Oral history interview with Gabor Markus

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.338.45 | RG Number: RG-50.037.0045

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Gabor Markus, born in Budapest, Hungary in 1922, describes his Jewish family that was very proud of their Jewish identity; his grandfather offering him money for every fight in school with a student who called him a dirty Jew; his family having a loose religious background; his bar mitzvah; Jewish life in Budapest; Hitler encroaching on neighboring countries and the feelings in the Jewish community; his father’s occupation as a director of the British-Hungarian Bank in Budapest; graduating from high school in 1939 but not being allowed to enter the medical school in Budapest because of the limited Jewish quota; working in the pathology department of the Jewish hospital and then entering the medical school in Szeged, Hungary; the Germans arriving in March 1944 and Jewish leaders being arrested, including his uncle who was a commercial leader; his father escaping arrest; restrictions placed on the Jews; getting a travel permit to go to Budapest; antisemitism in Hungary; Jew being taken to a concentration camp near Budapest; shootings in the camp; being marched to a large camp ground previously used by the boy scouts; finding his sister, who later disappeared along with his mother; being taken with his father to the Eastern front and had to dig ditches against the Russian tanks; conditions for the prisoners; a rabbi who held Friday night services; escaping with the help of a pediatrician friend; getting false papers under the name Arnold Hollander; meeting a courageous relative, who had false documents as a journalist for a Nazi paper and took him to the Convent of the Sisters of Social Service; finding his mother, two cousins, an aunt, and an uncle; Margit Slachta, who founded the Sisters of Social Service, and her efforts to help Jews; staying in the convent for several months; liberation; being arrested by the Russians but released as a "doctor"; searching for family members with his classmates from medical school; finding his parents, grandmother, and sister; living in Buffalo and learning that Margit Slachta moved there also; and not feeling any bitterness.

Interviewee
Gabor Markus
Language
English
Extent
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:50:58
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511808