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Oral history interview with Ursula Falk

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.338.17 | RG Number: RG-50.037.0017

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Ursula Adler Falk, born in the small spa Bad Mergentheim in Wurttemberg, Germany, describes her early childhood; her parents’ shoe store; moving to Crailsheim, Germany because of the boycott of Jewish businesses; her father starting another shoe store but losing everything to looters; her younger brother; breaking her leg and not being treated because she was Jewish; being beaten in school by a Nazi teacher; being sent with other Jewish children were sent to a school in Niederstetten, Germany; running away from the school and returning home; Jews not receiving food stamps; her father getting an affidavit for one person to the United States and going there in 1938; her going to West Virginia and obtaining affidavits for the rest of the family through the Jewish community; the events on Kristallnacht; moving to Breslau, Germany (Wroclaw, Poland); being threatened by their landlady; a close friend being killed by the Nazis; being sexually assaulted by a Nazi; moving to Cologne, Germany, where they lived with an aunt; air raids and not being allowed in the shelters; taking a train on Yom Kippur in 1939 to Aachen, Germany; witnessing the murder of a man who could not find his ticket; being treated well in Belgium; going to Southampton, England, where they had to wait six weeks for a boat; staying with a Gentile woman; the journey on the S.S. Washington; living in West Virginia; everyone in the family working; being rejected by the community as foreigners, even by the Jewish community; encountering antisemitism; wining the spelling bee in 5th grade and doing well in school; wanting to attend college but not being allowed; her parents never acclimating to the US; her family moving to Cleveland, OH when the war started; working her way through college; getting married and having a family; gradually telling her story to her children; the fate of her extended family; visiting Germany and pretending to be American; and returning to Crailsheim and writing about the trip for the Buffalo News.

Interviewee
Ursula Falk
Date
1990 July  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:44:26
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511776