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Oral history interview with Peter Traub

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.338.57 | RG Number: RG-50.037.0057

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Peter Traub, born in Krakow, Poland in September 1927, describes his father, who was one of very few Jewish officers in the Polish air force and his service during World War I; the antisemitism that developed in Poland and other countries during the second half of the 19th century; first encountering antisemitism when he was 5 or 6 years old; ethnic relations in Krakow; attending public school and being attacked by other students; the expulsion of Polish-born Jews from Germany in 1936 and begging his parents to leave; his father’s work as an architect; the Polish underground offering his father passage to England so he could be a pilot for the Allies, but he refused to leave his family; living on a farm with relatives until it was confiscated; volunteering for a forced labor camp; working in a Messerschmitt factory when he was 14 or 15 years old; being sent later to Auschwitz, where he was selected to work in a forced labor camp; volunteering to work in a coal mine, where the workers were antisemitic but accepted him; receiving special rations because of the heavy work and staying there for a year until the end of 1944; being moved to several other camps; ending up in Bergen-Belsen in April 1945; being comatose when the camp was liberated by the British; being in a hospital for several weeks and then joining a transport to Italy, where he stayed in a refugee camp; working in Rome; visiting Krakow in the summer of 1945 but not finding any friends or relatives; living in refugee camps for several years; immigrating to the United States in 1949 and going to Buffalo, NY; and knowing the inhumanity of man and the importance of watching the direction of history.

Interviewee
Peter Traub
Language
English
Extent
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:52:49
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511819