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Oral history interview with Rubin Literman

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.338.44 | RG Number: RG-50.037.0044

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Rubin Literman, born in Plock, Poland, describes attending a Jewish high school; his family (he shows a picture of them from 1930); belonging to a Zionist organization; Jews ignoring the local antisemitism; his father setting up an accounting office; the German invasion in 1939 and Jews losing all their rights immediately; having to live in the ghetto; being moved to the ghetto in Chmielnik, Poland; two of his brothers fleeing to the Russian zone, but were captured later and died in Auschwitz; he and a brother being taken to concentration camp Skarczisko in October 1942; his parents being taken to Treblinka and killed; staying in the camp for two years and working in a munition factory; the lack of medical care; selections and trying to make themselves look healthy; the men being shipped to Buchenwald while the women, including his future wife Luba, were sent to Leipzig; sending secret messages to Luba; working in a munitions factory in Buchenwald; surviving an explosion that killed his friends; being taken by train to Theresienstadt; being liberated on May 8, 1945; no one in his family surviving; being sent to Landsberg, Germany; working as a police sergeant and reuniting with Luba; marrying Luba; immigrating to the United States; their new life in Buffalo, NY; a gathering of survivors in Jerusalem in June 1981 (he shows a photograph of the event); still having nightmares; and contemporary antisemitism.

Interviewee
Rubin Literman
Language
English
Extent
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:50:48
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511807