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Oral history interview with Frances Kornmehl

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.338.37 | RG Number: RG-50.037.0037

Fances Leder Kornmehl, born in 1925 in Tarnow, Poland, describes growing up in a Chassidic home; being the youngest of three sisters and two brothers; being an outstanding student in a Polish school; her father’s business selling feed to farmers; the war starting and not being able to attend school; the restrictions on Jews and the random shootings in the streets; the black market; living on their savings; her brothers being shot; her mother being sick and dying; helping her sick father; the two ghettos; working for the Germans; seeing children being buried alive while some music was playing; people being from hospitals and shot; being taken to a very large camp, where she sewed and did other work for German soldiers; staying in the camp for over one year until November 1944; being taken to Treblinka; the selection process and being tattooed; being taken in a cattle car to the Sudeten part of Germany where things were better; conditions in the camp and working in a spinning mill; the Germans leaving one morning and being liberated by the Russians the next day; a Jewish Russian taking them into town and giving them clothes; walking in groups to Katowice, Poland; the Russians sending them by train to Kraków, Poland; returning to her hometown, where a non-Jewish woman took her in; writing poems; staying in Tarnow for a year and working in an office; the pogroms and people being killed; going to Germany and working in a post office, where she met her future husband who was head of the office; immigrating to the United States in 1947 and getting married; going to New York, NY and Buffalo, NY; never telling her experiences to her children because she did not want to take their innocence away; and her feelings that freedom and liberty for everybody are the most important things in life.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Frances Kornmehl
Mrs. Toby Back
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:51:34
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