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Eichmann Trial -- Session 29 -- Noske document; Aviel testifies

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 1999.A.0087 | RG Number: RG-60.2100.041 | Film ID: 2040

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    Eichmann Trial -- Session 29 -- Noske document; Aviel testifies


    Session 29. The Court assesses the relevancy of Gustav Noske's testimony in Trial 9 in Nuremberg [T/307]. Defense Attorney Dr. Robert Servatius expresses his desire to examine Noske, should Noske be alive. The Court continues to discuss the significance of Noske testimony, and the issue is put aside for further consideration. Attorney General Gideon Hausner calls witness Avraham Aviel, a Radun ghetto survivor to the stand. Aviel describes the conditions in the Radun ghetto in Poland. He discusses his experiences with Jewish deaths: "...this was the first time I had seen so much blood that had been shed. Since there was frost and the ground was frozen, we buried them [the dead Jews] in the snow."

    Aviel recounts his family's attempt to save his little brother by dressing him as a Polish child, and sending him out of the ghetto. Though Aviel's brother outwardly resembled a non-Jew, the Nazis discovered him and returned him to the ghetto. Aviel continues to describe SS actions against the Jews in the Radun Ghetto: "They made them [the Jews] undress, and as they mounted the embankment, rounds of shots were heard, and they fell into the pit...- Children, women, family after family." Aviel managed to escape from the group marked for liquidation, and join the group of Jewish men being used for labor.

    After a blip at 00:33:17, Aviel notes the 1942 partisan revolts against the Gestapo. He mentions a non-Jew named Ancelowitz, who housed Aviel and other Jews despite German inquisitions and threats. Aviel describes the partisan movement; resistance fighters lived in the dense forest, had a food reserve, and many weapons. After his father's death, Aviel migrated throughout Eastern and Western Europe before reaching Palestine. Following Aviel's testimony, Presiding Judge Moshe Landau adjourns for a short recess, and the courtroom empties. After a blip at 00:39:42, the camera focuses on a conversation between Servatius and Assistant State Attorney Bar-Or.
    Film Title
    Eichmann Trial
    Event:  1961 May 05
    Production:  1961 May 05
    Jerusalem, Israel
    Accessed at United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of The Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archives of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    Director: Leo Hurwitz
    Producer: Milton Fruchtman
    Camera Operator: Rolf M. Kneller
    Camera Operator: F. Csaznik
    Camera Operator: J. Jonilowicz
    Camera Operator: J. Kalach
    Camera Operator: Emil Knebel
    Producer: Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation
    Emil Knebel was a cinematographer known for Andante (2010), Adam (1973), and Wild Is My Love (1963). He was one of the cameramen who recorded daily coverage of the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem (produced by Capital Cities Broadcasting Corp and later held academic positions in Israel and New York teaching filmmaking at universities. Refer to CV in file.

    Physical Details

    English German Hebrew
    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    00:00:21:00 to 00:57:29:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 2040 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2040 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2040 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2040 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
    • Preservation
    • Preservation 2040 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2040 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2040 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2040 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Public Domain
    Conditions on Use
    To the best of the Museum's knowledge, this material is in the public domain. You do not require further permission from the Museum to reproduce or use this material.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation recorded the proceedings of the Adolf Eichmann trial in 1961. The original recording was made on two-inch format videotape. One set of videotapes contained selected portions of the trial for distribution to television stations. The "selected portions" version remained in Israel and was later turned over to the Israel State Archives. Capital Cities Broadcasting retained the set of videotapes containing the complete trial proceedings at offices in New York City until 1965, when they gave the videotapes to the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith. The Anti-Defamation League, in turn, gave the complete set to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1972. With a grant from the Revson Foundation, Hebrew University transferred the two-inch videotapes to U-Matic format. During the transfer process, Hebrew University created three duplicate sets. One set was given to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive, one to the Israel State Archives, and one set to the Jewish Museum in New York City. In 1995, the Israel State Archives transferred the trial footage to digital videoformat with a grant from the Israeli Prime Minister's Office. Three subsequent digital videotape copies resulted from this transfer of footage. The Israel State Archives retained one digital copy and a second set was deposited at the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the third set of digital videotapes in May 1999.
    *Intermittent CTL and severe fluctuations in response frequency envelope due to warped master material; good picture quality; large amount of mold in material.

    See official transcripts, published in "The Trial of Adolf Eichmann", Vol. I-V, State of Israel, Ministry of Justice, Jerusalem, 1994, pp. 495-499. Also available online at the Nizkor Project.
    Copied From
    2" Quad
    Film Source
    Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 2134
    Source Archive Number: VTEI 155
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:46:28
    This page:

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