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Eichmann Trial -- Session 90 -- Cross-examination of the Accused

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 1999.A.0087 | RG Number: RG-60.2100.128 | Film ID: 2128

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    Eichmann Trial -- Session 90 -- Cross-examination of the Accused


    The footage begins in the middle of the session. Attorney General Gideon Hausner cross-examines Adolf Eichmann about threats he made to Josef Loewenherz, head of the Jewish community of Vienna. Eichmann warned Loewenherz that if he did not comply with Eichmann's demands, Eichmann would bring back the horrors of Kristallnacht. Eichmann examines the document that contains the statement made by Loewenherz (00:02:43). Hausner asks the accused again to look at the document. The accused begins to answer and Hausner, visibly agitated, yells at Eichmann for a clear answer (00:05:27).

    Hausner presents documents to the accused in which Eichmann demands that certain property be turned over to his office or the family living there will be sent to Buchenwald (00:05:52). Eichmann replies that he had nothing to do with Buchenwald and could not have enforced such a threat. All the footage on this tape to this point is duplicated at the very end of Tape 2126 (at 00:39:34) but is more complete on Tape 2128.

    The Attorney General then questions Eichmann about forcing a man named Stahl to write a letter of apology for having criticized the Central Office for Emigration (00:12:37) and goes on to accuse Eichmann of controlling the Jewish community of Vienna while he was in Berlin (00:14:47). Eichmann testifies that he was responsible for the Jewish community of Vienna but when Hausner asks him if he controlled all parts of Jewish life such as the payment of pensions, the sale of the Jewish pharmacy, and the distribution of matzot Eichmann claims that he was not responsible for these aspects of life. Hausner questions the accused about the connection between the transfer of money from Viennese Jews to their relatives in the General Government and emigration (00:19:20). Hausner presses for an answer as to why Eichmann's department was involved in this matter. Eichmann explains that this was the attempt made to set up a Jewish state in Radom, a precursor to the Madagascar Plan.

    The Loewenherz Report is discussed at length, although Eichmann states that he had not read all of the report, only those excerpts which were read to him by a Captain Less during interrogation (00:22:03). Hausner turns to a meeting held on 3 July 1940 with the representatives of the Jewish communities of Prague, Vienna, and Berlin and the presence of Obersturmfuehrer Dannecker at this meeting (00:32:46). Eichmann states that his presence must have had something to do with the Madagascar Plan. Theodor Dannecker was an "SS officer who specialized in organizing the deportation of Jews from Nazi-occupied Europe," operating mostly in France and Bulgaria. He worked directly under Adolf Eichmann and was a major collaborator in the deportations of thousands of Jews to concentration camps. Finally, the accused is questioned about whether or not his section was in total control of Jewish life in the Reich (00:42:06), which Eichmann denies.

    Judge Landau adjourns the session until the following morning (00:45:47) and all rise as the judges exit the courtroom (00:46:00). Eichmann removes his headphones and is escorted out of the booth (00:46:16). The camera focuses on the lawyers at the defense and prosecution tables. There are various shots of the courtroom and the audience. People exit the courtroom.
    Film Title
    Eichmann Trial
    Event:  1961 July 10
    Production:  1961 July 10
    Jerusalem, Israel
    Accessed at United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of The Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archives of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    Director: Leo Hurwitz
    Producer: Milton Fruchtman
    Camera Operator: Rolf M. Kneller
    Camera Operator: F. Csaznik
    Camera Operator: J. Jonilowicz
    Camera Operator: J. Kalach
    Camera Operator: Emil Knebel
    Producer: Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation
    Emil Knebel was a cinematographer known for Andante (2010), Adam (1973), and Wild Is My Love (1963). He was one of the cameramen who recorded daily coverage of the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem (produced by Capital Cities Broadcasting Corp and later held academic positions in Israel and New York teaching filmmaking at universities. Refer to CV in file.

    Physical Details

    English German Hebrew
    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    00:00:50:00 to 00:48:47:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 2128 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2128 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2128 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2128 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
    • Preservation
    • Preservation 2128 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2128 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2128 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2128 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Public Domain
    Conditions on Use
    To the best of the Museum's knowledge, this material is in the public domain. You do not require further permission from the Museum to reproduce or use this material.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation recorded the proceedings of the Adolf Eichmann trial in 1961. The original recording was made on two-inch format videotape. One set of videotapes contained selected portions of the trial for distribution to television stations. The "selected portions" version remained in Israel and was later turned over to the Israel State Archives. Capital Cities Broadcasting retained the set of videotapes containing the complete trial proceedings at offices in New York City until 1965, when they gave the videotapes to the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith. The Anti-Defamation League, in turn, gave the complete set to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1972. With a grant from the Revson Foundation, Hebrew University transferred the two-inch videotapes to U-Matic format. During the transfer process, Hebrew University created three duplicate sets. One set was given to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive, one to the Israel State Archives, and one set to the Jewish Museum in New York City. In 1995, the Israel State Archives transferred the trial footage to digital videoformat with a grant from the Israeli Prime Minister's Office. Three subsequent digital videotape copies resulted from this transfer of footage. The Israel State Archives retained one digital copy and a second set was deposited at the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the third set of digital videotapes in May 1999.
    See official transcripts, published in "The Trial of Adolf Eichmann", Vol. I-V, State of Israel, Ministry of Justice, Jerusalem, 1994. Also available online at the Nizkor Project.
    Copied From
    2" Quad
    Film Source
    Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 2396
    Source Archive Number: VTEI 217
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:46:36
    This page:

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