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Eichmann Trial -- Session 96 -- Cross-examination of the Accused

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 1999.A.0087 | RG Number: RG-60.2100.152 | Film ID: 2152

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    Eichmann Trial -- Session 96 -- Cross-examination of the Accused


    Footage begins late in Session 96 during the translation into English of Attorney General Gideon Hausner's inquiries into the use of badges to identify the Jews. The accused, in footage not shown on this tape, was asked a series of questions about the purpose of the badges. Footage continues with Eichmann being asked whether Theodor Dannecker, Rolf Günther, Dieter Wisliceny and other participants were aware of the fate of the Jews (00:02:03). Eichmann testifies that he did not discuss it with them (00:02:34). When asked if they simply did not know what happened to the deported Jews, Eichmann states that for a long time he and many others did not know where the deportees were going or what happened to them and did not make this one of his concerns since it was not part of his duties (00:02:52). This last statement made by Eichmann is complete in German, Hebrew, and English. This entire segment is duplicate footage also found on Tape 2150 (from 00:32:13 to 00:35:57).

    Cross examination of the accused continues with questions from the Attorney General about Eichmann's knowledge of Odilo Globocnick's killing operations as late as autumn 1941 (00:04:45) and the accused's presence at murders in Lublin, Minsk, and Lemberg (00:05:16). Globocnik was a principle participant in the extermination of Polish Jewry. He was entrusted by Heinrich Himmler with the implementation of Aktion Reinhard and put in charge of special SS troops. Using the camps of Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, and Majdanek he carried out the fourfold task of exploiting Jews as forced laborers, the extermination of Jews, the acquisition of the real estate of the murdered Jews, and the seizure of their valuables and movable property. Eichmann testifies that he knew of Globocnik's operations but contests the date in which he first saw Jews being murdered. The accused insists that the first time he saw Jews being killed was in winter of 1941/1942 in Kulmhof/ Chelmno (00:05:46). Hausner goes on to ask Eichmann to indicate when Globocnik ordered a "retroactive confirmation" of the number of Jews killed (00:08:26). Eichmann testifies that Globocnik never asked him for this and indicates that Müller, Himmler, or Heydrich were asked instead (00:09:16).

    Hausner accuses Eichmann of telling Globocnik, on Heydrich's orders, that Hitler had ordered the extermination of the Jews (00:13:54). The accused replies that he did not say that and that there was no reason to tell Globocnik anyway because he already knew (00:14:22). Eichmann is asked a series of questions regarding the date in which the killings began (00:16:51) and when the deportations started (00:17:33). Cross examination continues with questions about whether Eichmann, at a March 1942 meeting, told the participants at the conference the fate of the Jews (00:18:45). Eichmann testifies that in March 1942 he did not know what was happening to the deported Jews from France (00:19:34).

    *At 00:21:03, the time codes change to 00:01:05 and continue with the new time code to the end of the tape.*

    The proceeding continues with the Attorney General's cross examination of the accused about why Globocnik asked Heydrich to authorize the extermination of the Jews and not Krueger or Frank (00:01:14). Eichmann replies that Heydrich had received the special assignment from Himmler (00:01:28). Judge Halevi reads a statement, in German, that Eichmann gave during his interrogation noting how Eichmann had gone to Globocnik to tell him Heydrich had informed him that Hitler had ordered the extermination of the Jews (00:05:16). Judge Landau adjourns the session (00:09:45) and all rise (00:09:48) as the judges exit the courtroom. Eichmann is shown exiting the booth (00:09:57). There are shots of the audience leaving the courtroom and the attorneys standing at their desks. The camera lingers on Hausner before fading.
    Film Title
    Eichmann Trial
    Event:  1961 July 13
    Production:  1961 July 13
    Jerusalem, Israel
    Accessed at United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of The Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archives of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    Director: Leo Hurwitz
    Producer: Milton Fruchtman
    Camera Operator: Rolf M. Kneller
    Camera Operator: F. Csaznik
    Camera Operator: J. Jonilowicz
    Camera Operator: J. Kalach
    Camera Operator: Emil Knebel
    Producer: Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation
    Emil Knebel was a cinematographer known for Andante (2010), Adam (1973), and Wild Is My Love (1963). He was one of the cameramen who recorded daily coverage of the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem (produced by Capital Cities Broadcasting Corp and later held academic positions in Israel and New York teaching filmmaking at universities. Refer to CV in file.

    Physical Details

    English German Hebrew
    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    00:00:20:00 to 00:11:09:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 2152 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2152 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2152 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2152 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
    • Preservation
    • Preservation 2152 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2152 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2152 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2152 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Public Domain
    Conditions on Use
    To the best of the Museum's knowledge, this material is in the public domain. You do not require further permission from the Museum to reproduce or use this material.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation recorded the proceedings of the Adolf Eichmann trial in 1961. The original recording was made on two-inch format videotape. One set of videotapes contained selected portions of the trial for distribution to television stations. The "selected portions" version remained in Israel and was later turned over to the Israel State Archives. Capital Cities Broadcasting retained the set of videotapes containing the complete trial proceedings at offices in New York City until 1965, when they gave the videotapes to the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith. The Anti-Defamation League, in turn, gave the complete set to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1972. With a grant from the Revson Foundation, Hebrew University transferred the two-inch videotapes to U-Matic format. During the transfer process, Hebrew University created three duplicate sets. One set was given to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive, one to the Israel State Archives, and one set to the Jewish Museum in New York City. In 1995, the Israel State Archives transferred the trial footage to digital videoformat with a grant from the Israeli Prime Minister's Office. Three subsequent digital videotape copies resulted from this transfer of footage. The Israel State Archives retained one digital copy and a second set was deposited at the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the third set of digital videotapes in May 1999.
    See official transcripts, published in "The Trial of Adolf Eichmann", Vol. I-V, State of Israel, Ministry of Justice, Jerusalem, 1994. Also available online at the Nizkor Project.
    Copied From
    2" Quad
    Film Source
    Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 2421
    Source Archive Number: VTEI 252
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:44:50
    This page:

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