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Eichmann Trial -- Session 91 -- Cross-examination of the Accused

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 1999.A.0087 | RG Number: RG-60.2100.132 | Film ID: 2132

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    Eichmann Trial -- Session 91 -- Cross-examination of the Accused


    Footage begins late in the session during the cross-examination of the accused by Attorney General Gideon Hausner. Adolf Eichmann is asked a series of questions about the Madagascar Plan, including whether or not Reinhard Heydrich made efforts to implement it (00:04:05) and who opposed the plan. [The Madagascar Plan was an idea to resettle the Jews on the island of Madagascar]. Hausner asks the accused if the main objective was to send the Jews there to die (00:07:19). Eichmann maintains that the plan was not to exterminate or annihilate the Jews (00:07:49) and Hausner points out that there would have been no way for the Jews to earn a living in Madagascar (00:10:52). Eichmann replies to Hausner's statement but only part of the English translation is heard.

    Footage cuts out from 00:12:37 to 00:12:50. Eichmann's reply to the question of how the Jews were supposed to earn a living in Madagascar is repeated. The English translation to his answer, which was cut off in the last segment, is presented in full. Hausner then questions the accused about his reference to the deportations to the East and whether he was referring to deportation for extermination (00:14:23). Judge Benjamin Halevi asks Eichmann how many native inhabitants lived in Madagascar and where these people were to be resettled (00:19:42). Footage resumes with Eichmann testifying as to whether the plan had been approved (00:22:47) and why it had not been implemented (00:23:08). He is questioned about his resolve to carry out the deportations (00:25:00).

    Hausner accuses Eichmann of foiling every attempt made at emigration (00:30:40). Eichmann responds by stating that emigration was stopped by Heinrich Himmler and that Heinrich Müller was in charge of emigration (00:30:53). When asked if he ever fought Jewish emigration Eichmann testifies that he did not. Hausner presents the case of Gisi Fleischmann and Kollman and asks the accused if he was responsible for stopping their attempt at escape to Afghanistan in 1941 (00:33:23). Hausner reads from a document ordering their deportation (00:34:51). Eichmann testifies that although his name appears on the document, he signed "by order," and was therefore merely following orders. When Eichmann does not give a clear answer to Hausner's questions, the Attorney General accuses him of lying (00:38:51). Defense counsel Robert Servatius is shown rising from his chair (00:39:41) and tells the court that the accused is being charged with lying (00:40:08). Judge Landau dismisses the charge. The remainder of the cross-examination for this session is an attempt to clarify the terminology ("im Auftrage" or "i. A.") used in documents signed by Eichmann (00:41:20).

    Presiding Judge Moshe Landau asks to adjourn (00:48:32) and all rise as the judges exit the courtroom (00:48:56). Shots of the audience rising. Eichmann, escorted by guards, exits the booth (00:49:11). There are shots of the audience. Servatius gathers documents from his table. Hausner exits, followed by Servatius (00:49:37). The camera lingers on the empty booth.
    Film Title
    Eichmann Trial
    Event:  1961 July 11
    Production:  1961 July 11
    Jerusalem, Israel
    Accessed at United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of The Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archives of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    Director: Leo Hurwitz
    Producer: Milton Fruchtman
    Camera Operator: Rolf M. Kneller
    Camera Operator: F. Csaznik
    Camera Operator: J. Jonilowicz
    Camera Operator: J. Kalach
    Camera Operator: Emil Knebel
    Producer: Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation
    Emil Knebel was a cinematographer known for Andante (2010), Adam (1973), and Wild Is My Love (1963). He was one of the cameramen who recorded daily coverage of the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem (produced by Capital Cities Broadcasting Corp and later held academic positions in Israel and New York teaching filmmaking at universities. Refer to CV in file.

    Physical Details

    English German Hebrew
    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    00:00:39:00 to 00:50:00:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 2132 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2132 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2132 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2132 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
    • Preservation
    • Preservation 2132 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2132 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2132 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2132 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Public Domain
    Conditions on Use
    To the best of the Museum's knowledge, this material is in the public domain. You do not require further permission from the Museum to reproduce or use this material.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation recorded the proceedings of the Adolf Eichmann trial in 1961. The original recording was made on two-inch format videotape. One set of videotapes contained selected portions of the trial for distribution to television stations. The "selected portions" version remained in Israel and was later turned over to the Israel State Archives. Capital Cities Broadcasting retained the set of videotapes containing the complete trial proceedings at offices in New York City until 1965, when they gave the videotapes to the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith. The Anti-Defamation League, in turn, gave the complete set to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1972. With a grant from the Revson Foundation, Hebrew University transferred the two-inch videotapes to U-Matic format. During the transfer process, Hebrew University created three duplicate sets. One set was given to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive, one to the Israel State Archives, and one set to the Jewish Museum in New York City. In 1995, the Israel State Archives transferred the trial footage to digital videoformat with a grant from the Israeli Prime Minister's Office. Three subsequent digital videotape copies resulted from this transfer of footage. The Israel State Archives retained one digital copy and a second set was deposited at the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the third set of digital videotapes in May 1999.
    See official transcripts, published in "The Trial of Adolf Eichmann", Vol. I-V, State of Israel, Ministry of Justice, Jerusalem, 1994. Also available online at the Nizkor Project.
    Copied From
    2" Quad
    Film Source
    Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 2400
    Source Archive Number: VTEI 221
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:40:56
    This page:

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