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Eichmann Trial -- Session 98 -- Cross-examination of the Accused

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 1999.A.0087 | RG Number: RG-60.2100.160 | Film ID: 2160

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    Eichmann Trial -- Session 98 -- Cross-examination of the Accused


    The following footage is duplicate footage also found on Tape 2159 (from 01:01:07 to 01:05:13). The footage on Tape 2160 is more complete. Eichmann is asked if he was aware that the people on these transports died in the dozens. The accused states that his section was not responsible for the round-ups, the local authorities were responsible. Hausner notes that these people died during transport not before (00:01:48) and children were taken out of the cars dead and he, Eichmann, was responsible for the organization of these transports (00:02:17).

    Hausner presents a document regarding cooperation with the authorities of the General Govenrment and the issuing of supplementary orders by the Reich Security Main Office (00:07:21). The Attorney General also notes that cases involving the arrest of Polish clerics and priests had to be specially authorized by Eichmann's section (00:08:37). Eichmann states that this is true based on the evidence presented in the document.

    Footage resumes with questions concerning Eichmann's role in orders being sent to Zichenau for the extermination of Jews. Hausner asks the accused what these Jews had done to deserve a public hanging in Zichenau and whether every order for executing Jews went through the accused (00:24:33). This segment is duplicate footage also found on Tape 2161 (from 00:20:34 to 00:24:57).

    The following footage is also duplicate footage found on Tape 2161 (from 00:25:00 to 00:27:53). Eichmann is asked if he was considered the channel through which Heinrich Himmler passed on orders to the State Police and received confirmation that the hanging had been carried out. Eichmann testifies that this was not always the case, that Heinrich Müller was sometimes the channel. When asked why he dealt with these matters and not department IVC2 Eichmann replies that he does not know.

    Cross examination continues with Judge Halevi asking the accused what the term "displacement eastward" means (00:21:22). Eichmann testifies that it refers to deportations to the General Government and occupied Russian territories. When asked by Halevi what the purpose of this was Eichmann states that he is not really sure but knows that it did not involve section IVB4. Judge Landau calls for a short recess (00:25:36) and all rise as the judges exit the courtroom (00:25:39). Eichmann is shown exiting (00:25:46) and there are various shots of the courtroom and defense counsel Robert Servatius. The camera focuses on Bach and Assistant State Attorney Ya'akov Robinson talking and zooms in (00:26:45).

    Footage cuts (00:27:06 to 00:27:56) Footage resumes with a shot of Hausner seated. The camera shows one of the translators moving chairs around the courtroom. Bar-Or enters the frame (00:29:10) and is almost hit as the translator continues to move the chairs but aids the man. Eichmann enters the booth (00:29:50) and all rise as the judges enter the courtroom (00:32:39).

    Hausner resumes the cross examination of the accused with questions regarding the transfer of a proposal to kill the Jews of Zichenau between him and Himmler and the local and State Police (00:32:59). The topic of Eichmann's decision to send a transport of Jews from the Reich to Litzmannstadt (Łódź) (00:44:12) is raised. Eichmann is questioned about why he sent this transport to Litzmannstadt instead of Minsk and Riga. Hausner notes that the accused was aware that they would have been killed had they not been sent to Litzmannstadt (00:46:38) and that the accused knew that when he sent the Jews from Duesseldorf to Minsk and Riga that he was murdering them (00:48:21). Eichmann maintains that at that time he did not know that they were killing Jews and the first time he did witness a murder was in Kulm (00:48:41). The Attorney General then asks the accused if he knows Arthur Nebe and Emil Otto Rasch (00:49:54) and about a meeting held on 10 October 1941 suggesting that Jews be sent to the communist camps in Minsk and Riga being run by Nebe and Rasch because the Einsatzgruppen units were there (00:51:08). Eichmann testifies that he knew about this but did not suggest it, stating that he merely received orders to send transports to that region (00:51:34). Eichmann is further questioned about how he knew the absorption capabilities of these camps (00:52:20) and the degree of correspondence between him and the Einsatzgruppen units (00:53:51). The accused maintains that there was no correspondence between them but acknowledges that by the October 1941 meeting he received a large number of reports concerning the work being done by Nebe and Rasch (00:55:04). The discussion about whether Eichmann knew that the Jews were being exterminated in Minsk and Riga continues.

    Eichmann replies to questions regarding sending Jews from the Reich to Litzmannstadt/Łódź. There is a commotion in the courtroom and Judge Landau tells the guards to remove a man from the audience because he is shouting (01:04:10). The camera cuts to a man in the audience being taken out of the courtroom by guards (01:04:19). The English translator is heard saying that the man pointed to a concentration camp number on his arm and shouted "you dog, you dog." The camera turns back to the proceeding and shows shot of Hausner and Eichmann as a passage read by Hausner is translated. This segment is duplicate footage also found on Tape 2161 (from 00:27:53 to 00:31:01) and Tape 2162 (from 00:00:08 to 00:04:06).
    Film Title
    Eichmann Trial
    Event:  1961 July 17
    Production:  1961 July 17
    Jerusalem, Israel
    Accessed at United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of The Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archives of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    Director: Leo Hurwitz
    Producer: Milton Fruchtman
    Camera Operator: Rolf M. Kneller
    Camera Operator: F. Csaznik
    Camera Operator: J. Jonilowicz
    Camera Operator: J. Kalach
    Camera Operator: Emil Knebel
    Producer: Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation
    Emil Knebel was a cinematographer known for Andante (2010), Adam (1973), and Wild Is My Love (1963). He was one of the cameramen who recorded daily coverage of the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem (produced by Capital Cities Broadcasting Corp and later held academic positions in Israel and New York teaching filmmaking at universities. Refer to CV in file.

    Physical Details

    English German Hebrew
    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    00:00:36:00 to 01:06:14:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 2160 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2160 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2160 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2160 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
    • Preservation
    • Preservation 2160 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2160 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2160 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2160 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Public Domain
    Conditions on Use
    To the best of the Museum's knowledge, this material is in the public domain. You do not require further permission from the Museum to reproduce or use this material.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation recorded the proceedings of the Adolf Eichmann trial in 1961. The original recording was made on two-inch format videotape. One set of videotapes contained selected portions of the trial for distribution to television stations. The "selected portions" version remained in Israel and was later turned over to the Israel State Archives. Capital Cities Broadcasting retained the set of videotapes containing the complete trial proceedings at offices in New York City until 1965, when they gave the videotapes to the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith. The Anti-Defamation League, in turn, gave the complete set to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1972. With a grant from the Revson Foundation, Hebrew University transferred the two-inch videotapes to U-Matic format. During the transfer process, Hebrew University created three duplicate sets. One set was given to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive, one to the Israel State Archives, and one set to the Jewish Museum in New York City. In 1995, the Israel State Archives transferred the trial footage to digital videoformat with a grant from the Israeli Prime Minister's Office. Three subsequent digital videotape copies resulted from this transfer of footage. The Israel State Archives retained one digital copy and a second set was deposited at the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the third set of digital videotapes in May 1999.
    See official transcripts, published in "The Trial of Adolf Eichmann", Vol. I-V, State of Israel, Ministry of Justice, Jerusalem, 1994. Also available online at the Nizkor Project.
    Copied From
    2" Quad
    Film Source
    Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 2429
    Source Archive Number: VTEI 182
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 22:00:46
    This page:

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